The Definition of Wildcat Cartridge
A wildcat cartridge, or wildcat, is a custom cartridge for which ammunition and/or firearms are not mass-produced.
These cartridges are often created in order to optimize a certain performance characteristic (such as the power, size or efficiency) of an existing commercial cartridge.
Developing and using wildcat cartridges does not generally serve a purpose in military or law enforcement;
it is more a hobby for serious shooting, hunting, gunsmithing and handloading enthusiasts, particularly in the United States.
There are potentially endless amounts of different kinds of wildcat cartridges: one source of gunsmithing equipment has a library of over
6,000 different wildcat cartridges for which they produce equipment such as chamber reamers.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
It is an act of Congress dealing with crime and law enforcement that became law in 1994.
Of the sections of the bill, it included the Federal Assault Weapons Ban.
Recoil operation is an operating mechanism used in locked-breech, autoloading firearms. As the name implies, these actions use the force of recoil to provide energy to cycle the action.
A person who can shoot up to the mechanical capability of their weapon.
The distance, or clearance, between the base of a chambered cartridge and the breech face (or bolt face) of a firearm.
This is a critical dimension, particularly in high powered rifles. If there is too little headspace, the bolt will not close.
If there is too much headspace the cartridge will not be properly supported in the chamber and the cartridge will expand upon
firing and may rupture, blasting high-pressure gas into the action and possibly into the body of the shooter.
Headspace should be .003" - .006" in a centerfire rifle. It can be checked with a set of "Go and No-Go"
gauges specific to the calibre in question. (See below.) With a standard cartridge, the headspace is
registered by the shoulder, with a belted cartridge, the headspace is registered by the forward edge of the belt.
The frequency at which a firearm can fire its projectiles.
A metal, usually copper, wrapped around a lead core to form a bullet.
The entire process of making the trigger complete its journey past the trigger break.
A firearm is loaded when a cartridge is in its firing chamber. However, for safety reasons all firearms are always treated as loaded at all times.
A device typically made from stamped metal which holds a group of cartridges for easy and virtually simultaneous loading into the fixed magazine of a firearm.
Skirted projectiles used in pellet guns
A bullet designed to expand on impact, increasing in diameter to limit penetration and/or produce a larger diameter wound.
The two typical designs are the hollow point bullet and the soft point bullet. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum,
after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay in the the mid-1870s.
Modern sef-defensive, JHP (Jacketed Hollow Point), ammunition are based on the original dum-dum ammunition design and principles.
A firing mode enabling the shooter to fire a predetermined number of rounds with a single pull of the trigger.
A felt, paper, cardboard or plastic disk that is used in a shotshell. Also in muzzle loading, a piece of cloth used to seal the bullet in the barrel. It's purpose and function is the same as a shotgun wad.
A middle position for an external hammer that effectively provides a safety function. With a firearm with non-rebounding hammers,
when on half-cock, the firing pin will not rest on the firing-pin.
A slang term for a small inexpensive handgun. Saturday night specials have been defined as compact, inexpensive,
small-caliber handguns with perceived low quality; however, there is no official definition of "Saturday night special" under federal law,
though some states define "Saturday night specials" or "junk guns" by means of composition or materials strength.
Low cost and high availability make these weapons attractive to many buyers despite their shortcomings.
Synonymous with pistol. A small, short-barreled firearm designed to be fired while held in one or both hands, possibly small enough to be concealed on the person, rather than while braced against the shoulder. The term includes antique dueling pistols, modern single-shot, semi-automatic pistols and revolvers.