The Definition of Varmint Gun
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The official US military designation for the Colt .45 semiautomatic pistol adopted by the US in 1911.
The gun was designed by John Moses Browning, and produced by Colt.
During trials, the Browning-Colt design beat out several competing designs, including one from Savage and a .45 caliber version of the German Parabellum ("Luger").
The M1911 saw its first combat in the Philippines and then in World War I.
Early use showed that it could be improved and in 1921 the M1911A1 was introduced, which featured a few changes like a reocontoured frame,
shorter trigger, and a rounded backstrap. The M1911A1 remained the standard US military handgun until it was replaced in the 1980's by the Beretta M9.
However, it remains very popular with civilian shooters in the US, and has been modified extensively to update it to
conform to more modern theories of handgun usage.
A handgun or rifle shooting sport in which the competitors attempt to knock over metallic game-shaped targets at various ranges.
An artillery piece used to fire shells over short ranges at very high trajectories.
A needle gun is a bolt-action firearm (the first known type of bolt action rifle) that has a needle-like firing pin, which can pass through fully self-contained (paper) cartridge case to strike a percussion cap at the bullet base.
The first experimental needle gun was designed by Jean Samuel Pauly, a Swiss gunsmith, in 1812.
The first mass-produced needle gun was invented by the German gunsmith Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, who, beginning in 1824, had conducted multiple experiments, and in 1836 produced the first viable breech loading gun model using a complete cartridge .
A pocketed belt for holding ammunition and cartridges. It was usually slung over the chest.
Bandoliers are now rare because most military arms use magazines which are not well-suited to being stored in such a manner.
They are, however, still commonly used with shotguns, as individual 12 gauge shells can easily be stored in traditionally designed bandoliers.
Although a misused term (even within the firearms industry), Long Colt is a designation for an ammunition cartrige developed by Colt mainly used for revolvers. The actual designation is Colt instead of Long Colt.
The term Long Colt was originally coined to avoid confusion between the .45 Colt and .45 ACP cartridges
A craftsman's signature stamp, discretely placed to identify his work.
The upper portion of a semi-automatic pistol that houses the barrel and contains the breechblock and portions of the firing mechanism.
Ejecting the spent case as it moves to the rear and loading a fresh cartridge into the chamber as it moves forward again.
As its name states, it slides along tracks in the top of the frame during the recoil process providing the linkage between
the breechblock and barrel.
The tunnel down the barrel of a firearm through which the projectiles travel.
- A smooth-bore firearm is one that does not have rifling on the barrel's internal surface.
- A big-bore firearm is one that fires a large caliber.
- A small-bore firearm is one that fires a small caliber.
The portion of the stock (on a rifle) or frame (on a pistol) gripped by the trigger hand.
Ear muff or ear plug hearing protection that have internal electronics that amplify human voices while excluding all noises louder than a given decibel rating.
Electronic hearing protection is best used when shooting outdoors. When on an indoor range they have a tendency to pick up too much echo and other muffled sounds.
An action type that when the trigger is pulled, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer (or striker).
This applies to both revolvers, semi-automatic and automatic guns.
On a single action revolver, the gun must be manually cocked before it can be fired.
With semi-automatic and automatic guns that are single action, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer, striker or firing pin onto the cartridge.
Then the firearm is cocked again when from the recoil of the fired round.
A firearm that the gun is cocked and the hammer drops when the trigger is pulled is a double action gun.
Abbreviation for 'Bad Guy'
A internal locking device built into a firearm, usually operated with a key, to render it unable to be fired. A good example of a internal trigger lock are the ones found on the
semi-automatic pistols manufactured by Bersa.
A device used (usually set on a counter) to support a shooters arms and/or hands to help make steadier shots.
Not putting your finger on the trigger until your sights are on target, then pulling the trigger smoothly, and following through by realigning the sights before allowing your finger to come off the trigger.
A firearm is loaded when a cartridge is in its firing chamber. However, for safety reasons all firearms are always treated as loaded at all times.
The NRA teaches the Three Basic Rules of Safe Gun Handling.
There are additional rules, but these are the three that if any two are followed, nobody will be hurt. However, obviously, all three should
always be followed.
Rule One: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
The NRA established these three rules in 1871. They were created to be easy to understand and remember,
ensuring the highest possible level of firearm safety.
Rule Two: ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.
Rule Three: ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.
See also The Four Rules