The Definition of Trigger Safety
An external, passive safety which can be found on the face of some trigger designs (most notably found on Glock firearms).
It is intended to prevent the trigger from being pulled by objects which find their way into the trigger guard area.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
An action type that when the trigger is pulled, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer (or striker).
This applies to both revolvers, semi-automatic and automatic guns.
On a single action revolver, the gun must be manually cocked before it can be fired.
With semi-automatic and automatic guns that are single action, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer, striker or firing pin onto the cartridge.
Then the firearm is cocked again when from the recoil of the fired round.
A firearm that the gun is cocked and the hammer drops when the trigger is pulled is a double action gun.
A long gun stock that may be doubled over for conveniently compact storage.
A semi-automatic firearm malfunction in which the slide passes entirely over the fresh round, failing to pick it up to insert into the chamber as the slide returns to battery.
The cross-shaped object seen in the center of a firearm scope. Its more-proper name is reticle.
The term referring to the action of manually drawing the hammer back against its spring until it becomes latched against the sear,
or sometimes the trigger itself, arming the hammer to be released by a subsequent pull of the trigger. Some external hammers, and all internal hammers,
may be cocked simply by pulling the trigger
The top of the butt-end of a gun stock.
Common term for federally restricted "short-barreled shotgun (rifle)" as with a conventional shotgun with barrel less than 18" (rifle less than 16") or overall length less than 26.
A shotgun term which refers to the manner in which the pellets spread out as they exit the gun.
"The pattern" refers to the overall shape of the entire set. A tight pattern is one in which the pellets are closely grouped when they land on target.
A loose pattern is one in which the pellets are widely spread.
A plate which covers the butt. Some steel buttplates have trap doors covering a recess for storage of cleaning equipment.
A type of gas operation for a firearm that directs gas from a fired cartridge directly to the bolt carrier or slide assembly to cycle the action.
Holding the trigger to the rear after the shot has fired, until the sights are back on target, at which time the trigger is released.
Recoil operation is an operating mechanism used in locked-breech, autoloading firearms. As the name implies, these actions use the force of recoil to provide energy to cycle the action.
A craftsman's signature stamp, discretely placed to identify his work.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
A display of gunmaking skill with a possible benefit of strengthening the wrist of a heavily-recoiling rifle,
whereby the top tang of the action is made extra long, shaped and inletted into the top of the buttstock,
extending along the top of the wrist and up over the comb.
Popularized by Holland & Holland and adopted by several of the finest contemporary riflemakers in the USA.
The substance which imparts movement to the projectile in a firearm. In a firearm, usually powder. In an airgun the propellant is air or Co2
A sliding bar, running longitudinally through the watertable of a break-open side-by-side gun's action, with openings through which the
lumps of the barrels pass when the gun is closed. Under spring tension, this bar moves forward when the opening control is released and its
two locking surfaces engage complementary slots (bites) in the rear of the two barrel lumps. Originally operated by a hinged tab in front
of the trigger guard. Now invariably operated by a cam from Scott's [toplever] spindle. Most modern side-by-side guns lock closed in this manner.
A soft appendage, usually of some kind of rubber, often fitted to the butt end of a shoulder-mounted firearm to reduce the sensation of recoil.
A recoil pad has the additional benefit of being less vulnerable to damage than a checkered wood butt or a brittle horn or plastic buttplate.
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