The Definition of Shotgun Shell
The cartridge for a shotgun. It is also called a "shell," and its body is usually made of plastic (metal shotgun shells are very rare, paper shotgun shells are extinct)
with a metal head.
Small shotshells are also made for rifles and handguns and are often used for vermin control.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
An uncomfortable sensation caused by the trigger springing back into the shooter's trigger finger while firing.
One of the three major dismountable components of a break-open gun (the others being the barrel(s) and the action/buttstock)
which secures the barrels to the receiver, often houses the ejector mechanism, and for some, provides a handle for the one's secondary hand.
A bolt action which is locked by pressing the bolt handle in and down, thereby turning its locking lugs into the receiver.
Abbreviation for Concealed Handgun License.
A device used to determine the range to a target. Many range finders work by bouncing a laser beam off the target or
nearby object and measuring the time for the reflection to arrive back at the instrument.
It is also possible to use various passive optical devices such as a mil-dot telescopic sight.
A safety which the shooter must deliberately disengage in order to fire the gun. The most common form of safety mechanism is a
switch that, when set to the "safe" position, prevents a pull of the trigger from firing the firearm.
Abbreviation for Concealed Carry Permit.
The angle of the butt of a gun in relation to the line of sight.
Pitch is measured by resting the gun with its butt flat on a floor, the top of the receiver against a wall and its muzzle pointing up.
The distance of the muzzle from the wall is the gun's pitch down.
In the Weaver stance,
the body is bladed partly sideways in relation to the target rather than squared towards it (think boxing or martial arts fighter stance).
The elbows are flexed and pointed downward. The strong-side arm is slightly straighter than the weak-side arm.
Even though the legs are not square to tharget, the hips should be square to the target. The feet should be pointed at the target.
The shooter pushes out with the gun hand, while the weak hand pulls back.
This produces a push-pull tension which is the chief defining characteristic of the Weaver stance.
A small metal explosive-filled cup which is placed over the nipple of a percussion firearm. As the cap is struck by the hammer, it explodes and sends a flame through the flashhole in the nipple to the main powder charge.
The abbreviation for Automatic Colt Pistol.
It is commonly used to designate specific calibers, particularly those which were originally designed by John Moses Browning for the
Colt Firearms Company which are a type of rimless pistol cartridge designed mainly for use in semi-automatic pistols.
The most common ACP calibers are .25 ACP, .32 ACP, .380 ACP and .45 ACP.
A mechanism that prevents the gun from being able to fire when the magazine is removed from the gun, even if there is still a round in the chamber.
Also called black powder, gunpowder is a mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly,
producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant
in firearms and as a pyrotechnic composition in fireworks. The term gunpowder also refers broadly to any propellant powder.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional gunpowder (black powder) described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
The earliest type of gun, now also popular as modern-made replicas, in which blackpowder and projectile(s) are
separately loaded in through the muzzle. The term is often applied to cap-and-ball revolvers where the loading is
done not actually through the muzzle but through the open ends of the cylinder's chambers.
An optical sight, offering some magnification, often variable, with some kind of adjustable aiming grid inside (a reticle),
which when mounted on a firearm, usually a rifle, makes sighting easier.
The hinged cover over the opening through which cartridges are inserted into the magazine.
The opening through which the empty, spent ammunition case is ejected from of a firearm.
The use of an electric current to fire a cartridge, instead of a percussion cap. In an electronic-fired firearm an electric current
is used instead to ignite the propellant, which fires the cartridge as soon as the trigger is pulled.
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