The Definition of Shotgun
A smooth bore long gun that shoots a group of pellets called shot instead of bullets.
Depending on the bore size and the size of the pellets there may be from less than 10 to two hundred or more pellets in a single shotgun cartridge.
Shotguns are designed for shooting moving targets (such as flying birds or running rabbits) at close range.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A broad, flat, raised area on the side of a buttstock.
A sub-field of ballistics, is the study of the behavior of a projectile when it hits its target.
The mechanism of some firearms that holds the cartridge in place during the firing process.
It must be moved out of the way to load and unload the gun; this action may be manually performed
by the shooter pulling back on an exterior knob called the bolt handle and then sending it forward again, or the action may be performed
by other moving parts within the firearm. When the user must move the bolt manually, the firearm is called a bolt-action firearm.
A semi-automatic pistol in which the barrel and breechblock are locked together for the full distance of rearward recoil travel,
after which the barrel returns forward, while the breechblock is held back. After the barrel has fully returned,
the breechblock is released to fly forward, chambering a fresh round in the process.
The point where the projectile from a firearm hits.
A pair of small dovetailed steel bases, screwed usually one to the barrel and one to the front receiver ring of a rifle,
to accept mounts for target scopes such as the Unertl where the scope is allowed to move forward in the rings under
the recoil of the rifle and which typically carry the windage and elevation adjustments in the mount.
The spotter is a helper who gives the shooter guidance on how to hit a particular target.
In some cases the spotter may just report the location of the bullet impact. In other cases they may judge the speed and direction of
the wind, determine the range, and give the shooter the settings to be used on the sights.
A family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom from 1889 to
replace gunpowder as a military propellant. Like gunpowder, cordite is classified as a low
explosive because of its slow burning rates and consequently low brisance.
The hot gases produced by burning gunpowder or cordite generate sufficient pressure to propel a bullet or shell to its target,
but not enough to destroy the barrel of the firearm, or gun.
The Monte Carlo comb came to rifles via shotgun stocks. It
rises well above the ordinary comb line of the stock at the
butt and tapers downward toward the point of the comb. This
raised portion of the stock lifts the face of the shooter and his
or her line of sight well above the standard elevation provided
by the classic style. However, the same amount of drop is
maintained at the buttstock. A shooter with a long neck who
often has trouble getting his or her face down far enough on
the comb of the regular stock benefits from the Monte Carlo
Slang for a full metal jacket bullet with a round nose.
The term is most commonly used in referring to .45 ACP caliber ammunition, but may be used for other calibers as well.
A shotgun with two barrels, usually of the same gauge or bore.
The two types of double-barreled shotguns are over/under (abbreviated as O/U or OU),
in which the two barrels are stacked on top of each other, and side-by-side (abbreviated as SxS),
in which the two barrels sit beside each other. See photo at right for example of side-by-side double-barreled shotgun.
For double-barreled guns that use one shotgun barrel and one rifle barrel, see combination gun.
A unit of adjustment for a sight.
A muzzle flash is the visible light of a muzzle blast, which expels high temperature, high pressure gases from the muzzle of a firearm.
The blast and flash are caused by the combustion products of the gunpowder, and any remaining unburned powder,
mixing with the ambient air. The size and shape of the muzzle flash is dependent on the type of ammunition being
used and the individual characteristics of firearm and any devices attached to the muzzle (such as a muzzle brake or flash suppressor)
More commonly known as WCF, it is a family of centerfire cartridges designed by Winchester Repeating Arms Company
The rear portion of the barrel or firing cylinder in which the cartridge is inserted prior to being fired.
Rifles and pistols generally have a single chamber in their barrels,
while revolvers have multiple chambers in their cylinders and no chamber in their barrel.
A hammerless single shot action type whereby a breech-block, hinged at the upper rear, operated by an underlever, tilts downward to expose the chamber.
On semi-auto matic pistols, a lever that mechanically lowers the hammer without firing the gun.