The Definition of Shotgun
A smooth bore long gun that shoots a group of pellets called shot instead of bullets.
Depending on the bore size and the size of the pellets there may be from less than 10 to two hundred or more pellets in a single shotgun cartridge.
Shotguns are designed for shooting moving targets (such as flying birds or running rabbits) at close range.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A internal locking device built into a firearm, usually operated with a key, to render it unable to be fired. A good example of a internal trigger lock are the ones found on the
semi-automatic pistols manufactured by Bersa.
The part of the gun that strikes either the firing pin or the round directly when the trigger is pulled then detonates the primer of the load and discharges the gun. Hammers may be external or internal. On a striker fired gun (a gun without a physical hammer) the firing pin is considered the hammer since it releases directly when the trigger is pulled.
A display of gunmaking skill with a possible benefit of strengthening the wrist of a heavily-recoiling rifle,
whereby the top tang of the action is made extra long, shaped and inletted into the top of the buttstock,
extending along the top of the wrist and up over the comb.
Popularized by Holland & Holland and adopted by several of the finest contemporary riflemakers in the USA.
National Firearms Act of 1934.
Enacted on June 26, 1934, currently codified as amended as I.R.C. ch. 53, is an Act of Congress in the United States that, in general, imposes
a statutory excise tax on the manufacture and transfer of certain firearms and mandates the registration of those firearms.
The Act was passed shortly after the repeal of Prohibition. The NFA is also referred to as Title II of the Federal firearms laws.
The NFA includes:
- Requires the registration of all fully automatic firearms.
- Requires the registration of all "sawed off" rifles and shotguns.
- Requires the registration of firearm silencers.
- Imposes a $200 transfer tax on the above items.
Fouling of a firearm bore by metal particles from bullets adhering to the metal surface caused by heat or friction.
A gun, typically artillery, with four barrels, such as the ZPU
A deluxe set of several different associated weapons, being any combination of rifle, shotgun, various handguns, and possibly a knife or two, cased together with appropriate cleaning and loading tools.
Any malfunction that results in no shot fired when the trigger is pulled. Commonly caused by a failure to feed, bad ammunition or a broken firing pin.
A mechanical device that protrudes from the gun when a round is in position ready to be fired, giving a visual and tactile indication that the gun is loaded.
Some triggers can be pulled slightly backwards before the shooter can feel any tension and before
the hammer or striker begins to retract. Pre-travel is any movement of the trigger that begins before the trigger starts to engage.
The farthest distance that a target of a given size can be hit without holding over or under with the sights.
The exact range is determined by the performance of the cartridge used, the ZERO range, and the accepted size of the target area.
This term is not to be confused with point blank shooting.
Incorrectoly sometimes referred to as a silencer, it is used to reduce the sound of a firearm's discharge.
They do not actually silence most firearms but rather lower the intensity of the muzzle blast and change the sound characteristics
(works similarly to an automotive muffler by disrupting and spreading out the sound waves).
The possession, use, and transportation of silencers have been tightly controlled under federal law since 1934.
Any device which reduces the sound of discharge by more than 2 dB is considered by the BATF to be a suppressor.
A firearm is a portable gun (pistol or rifle), being a barreled weapon that launches one or more projectiles often driven by the action of an explosive force.
An offset of a gun stock to the right, so
that the line of sight aligns comfortably with the right eye while the butt of the stock
rests comfortably on the right shoulder. Almost all right-handed shooters benefit from a
little castoff and most custom built guns are made this way. The only question is how
much. The castoff of a gun is about right when, with the gun comfortably mounted, the
front bead lines up with the center of the standing breech.
A stock offset to the left, for shooting from the left shoulder is said to be
Part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
It produced a 10-year federal ban on the manufacture of new semi-automatic assault weapons with certian specifications.
Firearms with specific features were defined as assault rifles.
Including the AR-15, certain versions of the AK-47, the TEC-9, the MAC-10 and the Uzi,
several of which had become the preferred weapon of violent drug gangs. The act also bans large-capacity ammunition magazines, limiting them to 10 rounds.
The law did not apply to weapons that were already in legal possession.
Because this law was not renewed by congress in 2004, the ban was lifted.
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