The Definition of Short-Stroking
On a pump-action firearm, being too gentle with the fore-end and either not pulling it all the way back at the beginning of the stroke,
or not shoving it all the way forward at the end of the stroke. Which may result in the old case or shell failing to eject and a misfeeds, or the gun
will not fire when the trigger is pulled. The term is used most often to refer to pump-action shotguns, but it is possible to similarly short-stroke any type of
firearm which requires the user to manually cycle the action (lever action rifles, for example).
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The unplanned discharge of a firearm caused by a failure to observe the basic safety rules, not a mechanical failure of the gun.
The distance travelled by a projectile from the point where it strikes the target to the point where it stops.
A set of holes in a target left by a succession of bullets fired from the same rifle or handgun,
using the same ammunition and sight setting. Fired (within the limits of one's marksmanship ability)
to determine the inherent accuracy of the rifle/ammunition combination,
and to aid in the proper adjustment of the sights.
A small metal cup that contains a tiny explosive charge that is sensitive to impact.
A primer is placed in the base of a shell casing to ignite the powder of the completed cartridge.
It is detonated by the striking of a firing pin in the firearm.
The wearing away of a barrel's metal surface by a bullet or shot charge or by the heat of powder gases.
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
A safety which the shooter must deliberately disengage in order to fire the gun. The most common form of safety mechanism is a
switch that, when set to the "safe" position, prevents a pull of the trigger from firing the firearm.
A semi-automatic pistol in which the barrel and breechblock are locked together for only a short distance of rearward recoil travel,
at which point the two are uncoupled, the barrel is stopped and the breechblock continues rearward, extracting the spent casing from the chamber.
Upon returning forward, the breechblock chambers a fresh round and forces the barrel back into its forward position.
Most modern recoil operated semi-automatic pistols use short recoil.
On an outdoor shooting range, a large pile of dirt that functions as a backstop.
An inert ammunition-shaped object, used in practice to simulate misfeeds and other malfunctions and also used in dry fire practice.
Unlike a blank, a dummy round contains no charge at all.
A snap-cap is a type of dummy round.
For self-defensive shooters, Center Of Mass (COM) represents the area of an attackers torso within which the most vital organs are likely to be disrupted by a gunshot.
Shooting to COM is considered the most expedient way to stop an assailant from continuing threatening behavior.
The vise-like device on a flintlock hammer used to hold the flint.
A type of airgun that shoots spherical non-metallic pellets.
A mechanism that prevents the gun from being able to fire when the magazine is removed from the gun, even if there is still a round in the chamber.
The heading of a bullet, used in external ballistics that refers to how the Magnus effect causes bullets to move out of a straight line based on their spin.
A sidelock action where the mainspring is mounted rearward towards the butt.
The back action is often used in double rifles where the need for strength requires as
little steel as possible be removed from the bar of the action.
On a revolver, a spring activated device housed in the bottom of the frame beneath the cylinder that engages alignment notches in the cylinder.
It stops the cylinder's rotation and holds it in place each time a chamber in the cylinder is in alignment with the barrel.