The Definition of Scout Rifle
A concept created by eminent gun writer Col. Jeff Cooper. A scout rifle, generally, is a bolt action carbine firing a
medium power round suitable for taking large game (e.g., .308), fitted with a long eye-relief telescopic sight mounted on the barrel, and a back up set of iron sights.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A gun, typically artillery, with four barrels, such as the ZPU
A type of gun barrel rifling where the traditional lands and grooves are replaced by "hills and valleys" in a rounded polygonal pattern, usually a hexagon or octagon.
Polygons with a larger number of edges provide a better gas seal in relatively large diameter polygonally rifled bores.
The amount of change in the bore axis, measured both vertically and horizontally, while the projectile moves from the chamber to the muzzle when it is fired.
The chemical propellant which is burned to produce the hot gases which send the projectile flying downrange.
The frequency at which a firearm can fire its projectiles.
Two independent rifles, built on one frame, designed to allow two virtually instantaneously quick, totally reliable shots.
The barrels may be arranged either side-by-side or over-and-under. The apogee of the gunmaker's art.
Particularly useful against dangerous game, which may be moving, and in your direction, with vengeance on its mind.
A black powder muzzleloading firearm action which relies upon a serpentine or S-shaped piece of metal to hold a smoldering match.
By pressing the lower end of the serpentine,
the upper end holding the burning match contacts the priming powder in the pan.
A device used to load magazines or revolver cylinders quicker than by hand.
The term referring to the action of manually drawing the hammer back against its spring until it becomes latched against the sear,
or sometimes the trigger itself, arming the hammer to be released by a subsequent pull of the trigger. Some external hammers, and all internal hammers,
may be cocked simply by pulling the trigger
A passage built into a firearm to allow the safe conduct of unexpected gas, as from a pierced primer, to minimize damage both to the gun and to the shooter.
A small single-shot or multi-barreled pocket pistol. Derringers (spelled with two Rs) are called that because of the original desinger and anmufactuturer of that
type of gun, Henry Deringer. To get around copyright infringment other designers and manufacturers spell the name with two Rs.
A magnifying tube through which the shooter may see the target and aim the firearm. Scopes contain a reticle, commonly in the shape of a cross, which must be properly centered upon the target for accurate aim.
The amount of propellant powder that is suitable for specific cartridge-bullet combination,
or in the case of shotshells, for a specific weight of shot and wad column.
Attribute of a break-open gun whereby the barrels drop down simply by pressing the toplever without muscling them
open manually. The Holland & Holland system utilizes a coil spring within a cylindrical housing mounted just ahead of the forward lump to urge the barrels open.
The Purdey system utilizes residual energy remaining in the mainspring after the gun has been fired.
Both systems enable a shooter to load more quickly when birds are coming fast.
An extra-deep magazine typical of large calibre rifles for dangerous game. The line of the underside of the wrist does not carry straight forward as with ordinary rifles.
Rather the rear of the magazine aligns more towards the center of the forward edge of the triggerguard,
typically allowing at least one extra cartridge to be carried.
The part of a revolver's frame connecting the recoil shield to the barrel-mounting recess; adding considerable strength compared to that
of early black powder Colt revolvers, and providing a base for a rear sight.
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