The Definition of Recoil Pad
A soft appendage, usually of some kind of rubber, often fitted to the butt end of a shoulder-mounted firearm to reduce the sensation of recoil.
A recoil pad has the additional benefit of being less vulnerable to damage than a checkered wood butt or a brittle horn or plastic buttplate.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Typically used in the .22 caliber cartridge designation .22 Long Rifle, which is abbreviated .22LR.
Defined according to Section 921 (a) (16), Title 18, U.S.C. as:
A. any firearm (including any firearm with matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system) manufactured in or before 1898; and
B. any replica of any firearm described in subparagraph (A) if such replica (i) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition, or (ii)
uses rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the United States and which is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade.
An inclined, polished area on a repeating firearm, just behind the chamber, that helps guide a cartridge into the chamber when pushed forward by the closing bolt or slide.
A method of building a pair of barrels where the entire breech end of both barrels and the lumps together are machined
from one solid piece of steel. The barrel tubes are then fitted separately into this monoblock and the ribs attached.
Often identifiable by a distinctive ring around the barrels about three inches in front of the breech end.
The favored jointing method of the Beretta company. An incorrect euphemism for sleeved barrels.
In a handgun that does not have a hammer, the striker is a linear driven, spring loaded cylindrical part which strikes the primer of a chambered cartridge.
The striker replaces both the hammer and firing pin found in hammer driven pistols.
A shotgun, often with only a single relatively-long barrel, with relatively tight choke boring and a relatively high-combed stock used for shooting clay pigeons in the game of Trap,
where the birds are launched at least 16 yards ahead, usually rising and going away from the shooter at relatively low angular velocity.
To better absorb recoil, a trap gun is normally heavier than a field gun because one shoots a lot but walks only a little.
A floppy, limp wrist while shooting.
Oregon Firearms Federation. OFF is a Pro-Gun rights group based in Oregon and was founded in 1998.
A self-loading firearm whose breechblock and barrel are not positively locked together, but which incorporates a mechanism which initially restricts the breechblock from moving when fired, delaying its opening.
Sometimes spelled Quad Rail.
First conceived and sold by Knights Armament Company in the mid 90s when Reed Knight saw soldiers duct taping flashlights to their handguards in news footage of Panama, the quad rail has become almost a standard item found on most military rifles. Quad rails allow easy attachment of accessories which aid tactical shooters, such as lights, infrared lasers, foregrips, sling attachment points, and secondary sighting systems.
However, nowadays, any full length forearms on an AR, with or without rails may also be refered to as a Quadrail.
Firearm Owners' Protection Act of 1986. It is a United States federal law that revised many provisions of the Gun Control Act of 1968.
It bans civilian ownership of machine guns manufactured after May 19, 1986. Firearms made and registered before that date are not affected.
The law limits the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
from inspecting gun dealers more than once a year, with follow-up inspections allowed only
The law also specifically forbids the government from creating a national registry of gun ownership.
A semi-automatic is said to be out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the
gun has fired. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs, the shooter's
thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
A semi-automatic pistol in which the barrel and breechblock are locked together for only a short distance of rearward recoil travel,
at which point the two are uncoupled, the barrel is stopped and the breechblock continues rearward, extracting the spent casing from the chamber.
Upon returning forward, the breechblock chambers a fresh round and forces the barrel back into its forward position.
Most modern recoil operated semi-automatic pistols use short recoil.
A barrel without rifling. Smooth bore barrels are commonly used in shotguns and in large bore artillery that fire fin stabilized projectiles.
A trigger that doesn't have to travel very far before it reaches the break. In a 1911 semi-auto pistol, a short trigger is a different part than a long trigger,
and (in addition to providing less motion) it features a shorter reach which may be of benefit to a small-handed shooter.
A specialized firearm used underwater that is fired when in direct contact with the target.
There are a lot of different competitions and other games which involve firearms. These are all referred to collectively as the shooting sports.
A horizontal wedge, press-fit through the forend of a vintage gun, through a lump
attached to the underside of the barrel and out the other side of the forend.
To secure the forend in position. Also called a crosspin or a wedge fastener.
A sliding bar, running longitudinally through the watertable of a break-open side-by-side gun's action, with openings through which the
lumps of the barrels pass when the gun is closed. Under spring tension, this bar moves forward when the opening control is released and its
two locking surfaces engage complementary slots (bites) in the rear of the two barrel lumps. Originally operated by a hinged tab in front
of the trigger guard. Now invariably operated by a cam from Scott's [toplever] spindle. Most modern side-by-side guns lock closed in this manner.