The Definition of Open Bolt
A type of firearm in which the action is in the open position and the chamber empty prior to firing.
When the trigger is pressed the bolt moves forward, chambering a cartridge and firing it and returning
to the open position. When firing is stopped the bolt remains open and the chamber empty.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A type of aperture rear sight with a large opening and a thin rim that seems to fade out when the shooter looks through it.
Sometimes installed on rifles and shotguns intended for home defense or police use.
The top of the butt-end of a gun stock.
Most firearms do not have literal batteries. But a firearm is said to be in battery when the breech is fully closed and locked,
ready to fire. When the breech is open or unlocked, the gun is out of battery and no attempt should be made to fire it.
A semi-automatic is out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the gun has fired, making it
dangerous or impossible to fire the next round. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs,
the shooter's thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
A plate which covers the butt. Some steel buttplates have trap doors covering a recess for storage of cleaning equipment.
The point of a projectile.
Covered compartment in the buttstock of a rifle used to carry patches or other small items.
The frequency at which a firearm can fire its projectiles.
The cut-away, concave portions of the rifling inside the barrel of a firearm discharging a single projectile.In other words, the lower portion of rifling.
A felt, paper, cardboard or plastic disk that is used in a shotshell. Also in muzzle loading, a piece of cloth used to seal the bullet in the barrel. It's purpose and function is the same as a shotgun wad.
Simple clips made of metal or sometimes plastic that hold several rounds of ammunition in a row and is used to quickly fill a magazine.
Oregon Firearms Federation. OFF is a Pro-Gun rights group based in Oregon and was founded in 1998.
A common type of iron sights in which the rear sight is an open-topped U or a V or a square-notch shape and with a
blade type front sight, in contrast to the closed circle commonly found in aperture sights.
A box of ammunition roughly equal in size and weight to a brick. Most often used to describe a 500-round container of .22 Long Rifle ammunition.
The part of a revolver that holds cartridges in
separate chambers radially around a central hingepin. The cylinder revolves as
the handgun is cocked, , either to the left or to the right depending on the gun maker's design,
bringing each successive cartridge into position, and
locked into alignment with the barrel for firing.
On an outdoor shooting range, a large pile of dirt that functions as a backstop.
The area of a gun range where firearms are pointed when they are fired. The area of the range forward of the firing line.
The setting on the sights of a firearm that controls the vertical placement and the altitude above mean sea level.
This is important for long range precision shooting because the air density changes with elevation and affects the path of the bullet.
Is a failure of the next round to completely enter the chamber. Misfeeds and failures to feed are very similar, a
failure to feed is a round that never even leaves the top of the magazine, while a misfeed is a
round that leaves the magazine but does not enter the chamber.
Although we have two eyes for depth perception and for spare parts, there is a natural tendency for one eye (the master eye) to take precedence over the other,
regardless of the relative visual acuity of each eye. It is a fortunate condition when the eye on the side of the shoulder where one is comfortable mounting a gun is also the dominant eye.
To test for eye dominance:
Pick out a small object several feet away.
With both eyes open, center your right index finger vertically over the object.
Close your right eye.
If your finger appears to jump to the right, you are right eye dominant.
Then open your right eye and close your left eye.
If your finger remains in position in front of the object, you have confirmed your right eye dominance.
Alternatively, if in the above test, upon closing your right eye your finger remains in position covering the object, you are left eye dominant.
If you close your left eye instead and your finger appears to jump to the left you have confirmed your left eye dominance.
Eye dominance problems can be treated with
1. A severely-cast, crossover stock to bring the dominant eye in line with the gun's line of sight,
2. A patch over the dominant eye, or just a small piece of frosty Scotch tape on shooting glasses intercepting the dominant eye's line of sight,
3. Fully or partially closing the dominant eye, or 4. Learning to shoot from the dominant-eye shoulder.
While less convenient, methods that retain the use of both eyes better preserve the ability to perceive depth in three-dimensional space, a great benefit in wingshooting.
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