The Definition of NRA
The National Rifle Association. This organization coordinates shooting events on a national level, provides firearms training to civilians and law enforcement,
fights restrictive firearms legislation and supports the constitutional right of law abiding citizens to own and carry firearms.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A 1/60th part of a degree, the unit of measure used in adjusting rifle sights.
As it turns out conveniently, a minute of angle translates almost exactly to one inch at 100 yards
(actually 1.047 inches), to two inches at 200 yards and three inches at 300 yards
A volume of fire delivered by a military unit. Incorrectly used by the media to mean the ability of a small arm to be discharged many times without reloading.
A device on a firearm which, when operated, results in the hammer or striker being cocked or moved to the ready position.
Can also be spelled Over/Under, OverUnder or Over and Under.
A firearm (most commonly a shotgun) with two barrels that are vertically aligned with each other, one on top of the other.
That part of the stock on a rifle or shotgun into which the barrel fits.
The small lever on a cartridge firearm, which one pulls to cause the spring-loaded firing pin to impact the primer, causing the gun to discharge.
Normally, the trigger simply connects to the sear. Pulling the trigger moves the sear out of its notch, releasing the spring-loaded hammer
to strike the firing pin which in turn strikes the primer; or the coilspring-loaded firing pin directly. Other, often-Germanic systems have their own
miniature lockwork which, when cocked, allows an exceedingly light trigger pull to discharge the firearm, a setting that would be perilous to carry in the field.
An empty ammunition case.
The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF, BATF, and BATFE) is a federal law enforcement organization within the United States Department of Justice. Its responsibilities include the investigation and prevention of federal offenses involving the unlawful use, manufacture, and possession of firearms and explosives; acts of arson and bombings; and illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco products. The ATF also regulates via licensing the sale, possession, and transportation of firearms, ammunition, and explosives in interstate commerce. Many of ATF's activities are carried out in conjunction with task forces made up of state and local law enforcement officers, such as Project Safe Neighborhoods. ATF operates a unique fire research laboratory in Beltsville, Maryland, where full-scale mock-ups of criminal arson can be reconstructed.
A fully automatic firearm that fires pistol ammunition.
The degree to which the barrel(s) of a break-open gun drop down; the size of the opening space,
which should be sufficient to allow for ease of loading, unloading and properly-functioning ejection.
A good gape is easier to achieve on a side-by-side than an over & under where the bottom barrel is well-enclosed by the action body.
Skirted projectiles used in pellet guns
Yanking the trigger back abruptly, thus pulling the muzzle of the gun downward at the moment the shot fires.
A second sear, poised just behind a second notch in the hammer. It is possible that when a cocked firearm is dropped or sharply jarred, a
single sear could jump out of its notch and the hammer could fall, firing the gun accidentally. In this event, an intercepting sear
would engage before the hammer could fall completely, preventing an accidental discharge. On a gun with intercepting sears, only
by pulling the trigger are both sears moved out of the way simultaneously, allowing the gun to fire.
Intercepting sears are usually found on better sidelock actions. They are sometimes found on best boxlocks,
and can be recognized by an extra screw behind the action fences, in addition to the usual two screws (or pins) along the lower rear of the receiver.
The portion of the receiver which is threaded so the barrel can be attached to it.
The part in the breech mechanism that locks the action against the firing of the cartridge.
The interval of time between trigger release and the detonation of the primer. Generally, the faster the lock time the better, because this makes it easier to shoot accurately.
The thumb-piece on the top rear of the hammer that enables it to be manually drawn back to full cock.
A mark within a border, typically
stamped into the wood, especially of an American military rifle. It shows the
initials of the name of the accepting inspector and often, the date he accepted
the firearm into service.