The Definition of Muzzle Brake
An attachment to or integral part of the barrel that redirects some of the pressurized gas that propelled the bullet out
the muzzle to the sides and possibly rearwards from the direction of the bullet travel. This reduces the recoil of the firearm.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The four rules of firearms safety,were originally introduced in the early 1900's by various shooting education sources (with varying phrasing, but same implications), they apply every single time a firearm is handled in any way or for any reason. The NRA
teaches the Three Rules of Safe Gun Handling.
Rule One: All guns are always loaded. (Treat all guns as if they are loaded, no matter what!)
Rule Two: Never point your firearm at anything you are not willing to destroy.
Rule Three: Never put your finger on the trigger unless your sights are on target (and you have made the decision to fire).
Rule Four: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.
If the trigger is able to continue moving to the rear after the shot has fired, the trigger is said to over-travel.
A locking device, usially a clable with a padlock that you put on a firearm to render it unable to be fired buy running it through the magazine well and out the ejection port.
A compartment built into the buttstock of a long gun,
usually with a hinged cover, in which are drilled holes deep enough to hold
several spare cartridges of the type suitable for use in the specific gun.
Although we have two eyes for depth perception and for spare parts, there is a natural tendency for one eye (the master eye) to take precedence over the other,
regardless of the relative visual acuity of each eye. It is a fortunate condition when the eye on the side of the shoulder where one is comfortable mounting a gun is also the dominant eye.
To test for eye dominance:
Pick out a small object several feet away.
With both eyes open, center your right index finger vertically over the object.
Close your right eye.
If your finger appears to jump to the right, you are right eye dominant.
Then open your right eye and close your left eye.
If your finger remains in position in front of the object, you have confirmed your right eye dominance.
Alternatively, if in the above test, upon closing your right eye your finger remains in position covering the object, you are left eye dominant.
If you close your left eye instead and your finger appears to jump to the left you have confirmed your left eye dominance.
Eye dominance problems can be treated with
1. A severely-cast, crossover stock to bring the dominant eye in line with the gun's line of sight,
2. A patch over the dominant eye, or just a small piece of frosty Scotch tape on shooting glasses intercepting the dominant eye's line of sight,
3. Fully or partially closing the dominant eye, or 4. Learning to shoot from the dominant-eye shoulder.
While less convenient, methods that retain the use of both eyes better preserve the ability to perceive depth in three-dimensional space, a great benefit in wingshooting.
A bullet or shot in flight after discharge from a firearm.
Openings at the muzzle end of the gun through which some of the spent gases can escape.
Porting reduces perceived recoil and lessens muzzle rise but increases the noise and flash.
An external, manual safety which is typically disengaged with the firing-hand thumb.
An economical method of bringing new life to a damaged pair of barrels, regardless of their original method of jointing.
The ribs are removed. The barrels are cut off 3" - 4" from the breech end and discarded. The bores of the remaining breech-end are reamed out oversize.
New tubes are fitted down into the original breech section and filed down to fit flush. The original ribs are then replaced. Sleeving is considerably less expensive than building a completely new set of barrels. Much of the time required to build a set of barrels is concentrated in the fitting of the breech end to the receiver; this work is salvaged through sleeving. Sleeving can be recognized by a pair of circumferential lines around the barrels a few inches from the breech; the more invisible, the finer the job. A sleeved gun should always be identified as such amongst the proof marks, and if done in England must be properly reproofed. Photo
Sleeving is not the same thing as Monoblocking.
A type of steel round shot fired from air rifles. The name originated from the size of steel balls used in a shotgun of the same size (.177 caliber). In a 12 guage shotgun shell using BB size shot, there will be typically 90 BBs in a shell
The part of a revolver that holds cartridges in
separate chambers radially around a central hingepin. The cylinder revolves as
the handgun is cocked, , either to the left or to the right depending on the gun maker's design,
bringing each successive cartridge into position, and
locked into alignment with the barrel for firing.
An air gun that shoots a skirted pellet.
A type of iron sights that glow or shine in the dark, intended for use in low light conditions. Some night sights consist of tiny tubes of tritium, while others use a phosphorus paint.
The firing mechanism of a break-open gun which may be removed for inspection or cleaning without the use of tools.
The release latch may be plainly visible or concealed. A feature typically seen on sidelock guns but also on the Westley Richards "droplock" boxlock action.
The power of a projectile or a load of shot at the point that it exits the muzzle of a firearm, normally expressed in foot-pounds.
A small piece of leather or cloth. A patch can refer to the wadding used in loading a muzzle loading firearms or the piece of cloth used to clean a firearm bore.
A double-action semi-automatic firearm which is designed to have a much lighter trigger pull than is usual for a double action.
A plain, functional, unembellished firearm used to hunt in rough terrain where one might prefer not to put a more expensive, deluxe grade gun at risk of damage.
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