The Definition of Model 70 Type Safety
Model 70 Type Safety
A small lever mounted to the cocking piece of a Winchester Model 70 rifle, rotating on a vertical axis from front (Fire),
halfway back (Safe, but allowing bolt movement), and fully back (Bolt and firing pin locked Safe).
While, like the Mauser, commendable for locking the firing pin instead of just the trigger,
its fore and aft movement is both easier to operate and it allows lower mounting of telescopic sights,
reducing parallax between the line of sight and the line of the bore and increasing the range of
distances for which the scope may be reliably sighted-in.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Short, interchangeable cylinders, of
subtly different internal tapers, that screw into a threaded recess at the muzzle of a
shotgun. By inserting different choke tubes, one can alter the shot pattern thrown by the
A hand tool used in the field for inserting live
and removing spent primers from cartridges.
In a handgun that does not have a hammer, the striker is a linear driven, spring loaded cylindrical part which strikes the primer of a chambered cartridge.
The striker replaces both the hammer and firing pin found in hammer driven pistols.
Firearm Owners' Protection Act of 1986. It is a United States federal law that revised many provisions of the Gun Control Act of 1968.
It bans civilian ownership of machine guns manufactured after May 19, 1986. Firearms made and registered before that date are not affected.
The law limits the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
from inspecting gun dealers more than once a year, with follow-up inspections allowed only
The law also specifically forbids the government from creating a national registry of gun ownership.
Some triggers can be pulled slightly backwards before the shooter can feel any tension and before
the hammer or striker begins to retract. Pre-travel is any movement of the trigger that begins before the trigger starts to engage.
A rapidly burning powder made by absorbing nitroglycerine into nitrocellulose (guncotton).
An action type that when the trigger of a gun is pulled, the gun gets cocked and the hammer (or striker) is dropped.
This applies to both revolvers and semi-automatic guns.
On a double action revolver, when the trigger is pulled, the hammer is cocked before releasing.
With a double-action semi-automatic pistol, the hammer does not have to be manually cocked (via actually pulling back the trigger or tracking the slide), the hammer (or striker) will be cocked while the trigger is being pulled.
A firearm that only the hammer drops when the trigger is pulled is a single action gun.
The diameter of the bore of a firearm measured as a fraction of an inch.
Although such a measurement may be frequently stated in millimeters.
It is correctly expressed as ".40 caliber" (note the decimal point) or as "10 millimeter"
(without "caliber" or the leading decimal point). Caliber numbers when used to identify the size of the
bullet a gun will file are usually followed by words or letters to create the complete name of the cartridge.
These letters often represent a brand name or an abbreviation for the name of the company that first introduced the round.
Hidden from view. A handgun is concealed when it is carried in such a manner that is unseen.
To hit someone with the grip of a pistol.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
Defined according to Section 921 (a) (16), Title 18, U.S.C. as:
A. any firearm (including any firearm with matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system) manufactured in or before 1898; and
B. any replica of any firearm described in subparagraph (A) if such replica (i) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition, or (ii)
uses rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the United States and which is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade.
A trigger that breaks from an extremely light touch.
This means a shooter who is right-handed but left-eyed, or left-handed and right-eyed.
The back part of a rifle or shotgun, excluding the receiver.
A complete cartridge of several obsolete types and of today's rimfire and center-fire versions
Sometimes spelled Bi-Pod.
A support device that is similar to a tripod or monopod, but with two legs. On firearms, bipods are commonly used on rifles to provide a forward rest and reduce motion.
The bipod permits the operator to rest the weapon on the ground, a low wall, or other object, reducing operator fatigue and permitting increased accuracy.
The relationship between a bullet's weight and its diameter. A long bullet, such as the original 7.62x54R
loading for the Mosin Nagant 91/30, will have a high sectional density and consequently greater
penetration than a shorter bullet of similar construction. A shorter bullet with less sectional
density will have relatively less penetration, but greater knockdown power.
The rear sight is placed at the end of the barrel nearest the shooter. It may be in the shape of a square notch, a U, a V, a ring,
or simply two dots designed to be visually placed on either side of the front sight while shooting.
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