The Definition of Mississippi Rifle
Nickname for the U.S. M1841 Rifle, a .54 caliber muzzleloading rifle. The name comes from their use by a group of U.S.
Volunteers from Mississippi who were commanded by Jefferson Davis in the Mexican War. Some were later rebored to .58 caliber.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A magnifying tube through which the shooter may see the target and aim the firearm. Scopes contain a reticle, commonly in the shape of a cross, which must be properly centered upon the target for accurate aim.
The tendency of a firearm when fired to move backwards, and a little upwards as a reaction to the force of the projectile moving down the barrel.
As Newton says, to every action there is always an equal and opposite reaction. The mass of the firearm provides some inertia to counteract the momentum of recoil.
What remains is absorbed by at the shoulder or the hand. The heavier the gun, the less the recoil. The more powerful the cartridge, the more the recoil.
The amount of change in the bore axis, measured both vertically and horizontally, while the projectile moves from the chamber to the muzzle when it is fired.
On semi-auto matic pistols, a lever that mechanically lowers the hammer without firing the gun.
A style of rear sight, typically used on rifles for either slow-moving bullets or for long ranges, whereby a ladder may be raised from
flush with the barrel to a vertical position, and which incorporates a sliding crossbar which may be moved vertically in order to achieve significant elevation.
Slang word abreviation for Ammunition.
A steel bolt, mounted transversely through a rifle stock just under and behind the front (and sometimes rear) receiver ring,
sometimes concealed in the wood and usually against which the action is carefully bedded. When properly fitted, it helps distribute the recoil
and reinforces stock at the point where wood has been removed to accept the action. Recoil crossbolts can be recognized by the
flush-mounted circular steel fittings on the side of the stock, but are sometimes finished with contrasting wooden plugs and
sometimes concealed completely. Also called Reinforcing Crossbolt.
Plugs of hardened steel, precisely machined in relation to the standard dimensional specifications of a given cartridge,
normally in sets of three: "GO", "No-Go" and "Field". By loading these plug-gauges into the chamber in succession,
one can check that the action should close on the "Go" gauge. It should not close on the "No-Go" gauge,
but might were enough force to be used. And, it absolutely should not close on the "Field" gauge.
A malfunction in which the spent case fails to eject from a semi-automatic firearm and blocks the chamber.
As the fresh round is brought forward it cannot enter the chamber. It is cleared by
stripping the magazine from the gun, racking the slide several times to eject the spent case, and then reloading.
A small metal explosive-filled cup which is placed over the nipple of a percussion firearm. As the cap is struck by the hammer, it explodes and sends a flame through the flashhole in the nipple to the main powder charge.
The opening in the bottom of the gun into which a box magazine is fed. On a semi-auto handgun,
the magazine well is at the base of the grip; on a rifle, it is usually placed in front of the trigger guard.
A quick shot taken without deliberate aim.
A passive, external safety typically located on the backstrap, which must be fully depressed to release the trigger. Most 1911-pattern pistols feature a grip safety.
Defined according to Section 921 (a) (16), Title 18, U.S.C. as:
A. any firearm (including any firearm with matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system) manufactured in or before 1898; and
B. any replica of any firearm described in subparagraph (A) if such replica (i) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition, or (ii)
uses rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the United States and which is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade.
Generally refers to the stock and fore-end of a rifle. Can sometimes also be applied to any detachable accessories like a flashlight.
In a handgun that does not have a hammer, the striker is a linear driven, spring loaded cylindrical part which strikes the primer of a chambered cartridge.
The striker replaces both the hammer and firing pin found in hammer driven pistols.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
A double-action semi-automatic firearm which is designed to have a much lighter trigger pull than is usual for a double action.
By convention, powerfully loaded shotgun cartridges for hunting are generally manufactured with relatively longer brass end-caps than lower
powered cartridges intended for target shooting. While different-sized brass bases are of virtually no consequence to the strength of the
shell in relation to the steel breech of the gun itself, they do help the shooter identify the relative power of cartridges at a glance.
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