The Definition of Makarov
The Soviet Union's standard military and police side arm from 1951 to 1991 replacing the Tokarev TT-33 semi-automatic pistol and the Nagant M1895 revolver.
Designed by Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov, it is a blowback operated semiautomatic pistol which fires the 9x18mm Makarov cartridge, and holds 8 rounds in the magazine.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A sidelock action where the mainspring is mounted rearward towards the butt.
The back action is often used in double rifles where the need for strength requires as
little steel as possible be removed from the bar of the action.
Shooting a target at a very very close range.
A flat piece of rubber which holds revolver cartridges preparatory to loading them into the revolver's cylinder. Similar to a moon clip
A phenomenon which is often grouped with hammer bite. In this case the web of the shooting hand is cut or abraded by
the rearward motion of the semi-automatic pistol's slide, not by the gun's hammer.
This most often occurs with small pistols like the Walther PPK and Walther TPH that have an abbreviated grip tang.
This problem is exacerbated by the sharp machining found on many firearms.
The distance between the rear sight and the front sight. As a longer lever provides greater mechanical advantage, the greater the distance between the two sights, the more inherently accurate they will be.
A bullet designed to expand on impact, increasing in diameter to limit penetration and/or produce a larger diameter wound.
The two typical designs are the hollow point bullet and the soft point bullet. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum,
after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay in the the mid-1870s.
Modern sef-defensive, JHP (Jacketed Hollow Point), ammunition are based on the original dum-dum ammunition design and principles.
Same as Follower. A plate, mounted to the top of a spring, inside a magazine, over which cartridges may slide smoothly as they are guided into the chamber of a repeating firearm.
The official US military designation for the Colt .45 semiautomatic pistol adopted by the US in 1911.
The gun was designed by John Moses Browning, and produced by Colt.
During trials, the Browning-Colt design beat out several competing designs, including one from Savage and a .45 caliber version of the German Parabellum ("Luger").
The M1911 saw its first combat in the Philippines and then in World War I.
Early use showed that it could be improved and in 1921 the M1911A1 was introduced, which featured a few changes like a reocontoured frame,
shorter trigger, and a rounded backstrap. The M1911A1 remained the standard US military handgun until it was replaced in the 1980's by the Beretta M9.
However, it remains very popular with civilian shooters in the US, and has been modified extensively to update it to
conform to more modern theories of handgun usage.
A small orifice at the breech end of the barrel of a muzzle-loading firearm through which the exploding priming charge is conducted from the flash pan to the main charge.
A type of mechanism for removing a spent shell casing from the chamber of a firearm and inserting a fresh cartridge into the chamber.
This type of mechanism is most commonly used in shotguns and rimfire rifles.
The original small single-shot or multi-barreled pocket pistol designed and manufactured by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia.
Derringers (spelled with two Rs) are called that because of the original desinger and anmufactuturer of that
type of gun, Henry Deringer. To get around copyright infringment other designers and manufacturers spell the name with two Rs.
However guns designed and built by Deringer are spelled with only one R
A generally non-magnifying optical device that has an optically collimated reticle,
allowing the user to look through a partially reflecting glass element and see a parallax free cross hair or other projected aiming point
superimposed on the field of view.
Invented in 1900 but not generally used on firearms until reliably illuminated versions were invented in the late 1970s
(usually referred to by the abbreviation "reflex sight").
An early firearm mechanism in which a wheel with serrated edges is wound against the tension of a strong spring and spins against a piece of iron pyrite, sending a shower of sparks into the pan to ignite the charge.
A semi-automatic is said to be out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the
gun has fired. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs, the shooter's
thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
The housing for a firearm's breech (portion of the barrel with chamber into which a cartridge or projectile is loaded) and firing mechanism.
In semi-automatic handguns and revolvers, this part is typically called the frame.
An optical sight, offering some magnification, often variable, with some kind of adjustable aiming grid inside (a reticle),
which when mounted on a firearm, usually a rifle, makes sighting easier.
Crude adjustments made to an optical firearm sight, or iron sights, to align the firearm barrel and sights.
This method is usually used to pre-align the sights, which makes zeroing (zero drop at XX distance) much faster.
The abbreviation for Automatic Colt Pistol.
It is commonly used to designate specific calibers, particularly those which were originally designed by John Moses Browning for the
Colt Firearms Company which are a type of rimless pistol cartridge designed mainly for use in semi-automatic pistols.
The most common ACP calibers are .25 ACP, .32 ACP, .380 ACP and .45 ACP.