The Definition of Luger
American name for the German "Parabellum" semiautomatic pistol introduced in 1900.
The Parabellum was designed by Georg Luger, and based on the earlier Borchardt pistol.
The official German military nomenclature was "Pistole '08" or "Po8." At first, it was chambered for the 7.65mm Parabellum round.
Soon, it was modified to use the 9mm Parabellum cartridge, which is what most people refer to today when talking about a 9mm cartridge.
"Luger" is now a trademark owned by the Stoeger Arms Co.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The angle of the butt of a gun in relation to the line of sight.
Pitch is measured by resting the gun with its butt flat on a floor, the top of the receiver against a wall and its muzzle pointing up.
The distance of the muzzle from the wall is the gun's pitch down.
Expanding the neck of an existing cartridge to make it use a bullet of a different caliber. A typical process used in the creation of wildcat cartridges.
On semi-auto matic pistols, a lever that mechanically lowers the hammer without firing the gun.
A Muzzleloading long gun which has a completely smooth bore and is intended to fire a single projectile rather than a collection of shot.
The part of the gun that strikes either the firing pin or the round directly when the trigger is pulled then detonates the primer of the load and discharges the gun. Hammers may be external or internal. On a striker fired gun (a gun without a physical hammer) the firing pin is considered the hammer since it releases directly when the trigger is pulled.
"V" shaped rear leaf sights mounted to a rifle barrel on a block or on a quarter-rib, sometimes solid standing, sometimes folding,
and often mounted in a row of similar leaves, each of a slightly different height, marked with the range for which each is regulated
A firearm, usually (but not always) a fully automatic rifle, that uses a ammunition on a belt rather than a magazine to store the rounds that will be loaded into the gun.
Abbreviation for Center Of Mass.
A short, lightweight rifle. Some are small enough for a young child to easily handle, while others are large enough to perfectly suit teenagers, average-sized adult women, and small-statured adult males.
The open end of the barrel from which the projectile exits.
German for "short." Seen as part of a cartridge designation. On some German manufactured guns that use .380 ACP, the designated caliber is 9mm Kurtz (9mm Short), which is also the same as the Italian 9mm Corto
A bolt action which is locked by pressing the bolt handle in and down, thereby turning its locking lugs into the receiver.
To pull the trigger and release the hammer of a firearm without having a cartridge in the chamber.
The entire collection of moving parts which work together to fire the gun when the trigger is pulled.
It may include trigger springs, return springs, the trigger itself, the sear, disconnectors, and other parts.
The mechanical sighting system which usually comes with the firearm made of metal with no optics.
A firearm that is only capable of holding one shot at a time. Each round must be loaded into the chamber manually by hand before each shot.
The bevelled portion of the rifling at the rear end of the barrel (and the forward portion of the chamber) where the bullet first engages the lands.
A smooth bore long gun that shoots a group of pellets called shot instead of bullets.
Depending on the bore size and the size of the pellets there may be from less than 10 to two hundred or more pellets in a single shotgun cartridge.
Shotguns are designed for shooting moving targets (such as flying birds or running rabbits) at close range.
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