The Definition of Luger
American name for the German "Parabellum" semiautomatic pistol introduced in 1900.
The Parabellum was designed by Georg Luger, and based on the earlier Borchardt pistol.
The official German military nomenclature was "Pistole '08" or "Po8." At first, it was chambered for the 7.65mm Parabellum round.
Soon, it was modified to use the 9mm Parabellum cartridge, which is what most people refer to today when talking about a 9mm cartridge.
"Luger" is now a trademark owned by the Stoeger Arms Co.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The wearing of the portion of the barrel where the gas pressure and heat is highest as the projectile leaves the chamber.
The greater the chamber pressure the more rapid throat erosion occurs which is compounded by rapid firing which heats and weakens the steel.
There are a lot of different competitions and other games which involve firearms. These are all referred to collectively as the shooting sports.
A common type of iron sights in which the rear sight is an open-topped U or a V or a square-notch shape and with a
blade type front sight, in contrast to the closed circle commonly found in aperture sights.
An action type that when the trigger is pulled, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer (or striker).
This applies to both revolvers, semi-automatic and automatic guns.
On a single action revolver, the gun must be manually cocked before it can be fired.
With semi-automatic and automatic guns that are single action, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer, striker or firing pin onto the cartridge.
Then the firearm is cocked again when from the recoil of the fired round.
A firearm that the gun is cocked and the hammer drops when the trigger is pulled is a double action gun.
The Chapman stance uses the same push-pull tension which defines the Weaver,
but instead of both elbows being bent, the gun side elbow is held straight and locked in place.
Assuming a right-handed shooter, the right arm is punched straight out, while the left elbow is bent and the left hand pulls back to provide tension. As a result of this change, Chapman gets its stability
from both muscle and skeletal support. This makes it a little more friendly than Weaver for those who lack upper-body muscle strength.
An imaginary straight line from the eye through the sights of a firearm to the target.
Sloppy movement (slack) of a trigger before the actual point of let-off.
The bevelled portion of the rifling at the rear end of the barrel (and the forward portion of the chamber) where the bullet first engages the lands.
The charge used to ignite the propelling charge.
A broad, flat, raised area on the side of a buttstock.
A popular term for a short barreled repeating shotgun as frequently used in law enforcement and personal protection.
Also called black powder, gunpowder is a mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly,
producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant
in firearms and as a pyrotechnic composition in fireworks. The term gunpowder also refers broadly to any propellant powder.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional gunpowder (black powder) described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
Hearing protection that completely covers both ears and is usually attached to a headband.
Unloading a gun and double checking that it is unloaded or fixing a malfunction so that the gun is ready to fire again.
The unalienable right of all of the people, stated in the Second Article of The Bill of Rights, to possess and use personally owned firearms for sport, recreation, personal protection, and the defense of the nation.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
That part of the stock on a rifle or shotgun into which the barrel fits.
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