The Definition of Handspanner
German for Hand-Cocking or Cocker/De-Cocker. A type of action on a break-open gun or rifle where, in place of a traditional top tang safety,
a somewhat more robust tab is fitted. Normally such a gun is carried in the field loaded, but with the action not cocked,
an exceedingly safe condition. Then, when ready to fire, the shooter, instead of pushing a safety tab forward,
pushes this larger tab forward, cocking the mainspring, making the gun ready to fire.
Then, if the shot is not taken, he may simply slide this tab rearwards again, de-cocking the gun
and returning it to the still-loaded, but very safe position.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A stout flange, invariably incorporated into the underside of the front receiver ring of a bolt action, and also frequently
incorporated into the underside of the barrel of a heavily-recoiling rifle, which when properly bedded, transfers recoil to the stock.
The Soviet Union's standard military and police side arm from 1951 to 1991 replacing the Tokarev TT-33 semi-automatic pistol and the Nagant M1895 revolver.
Designed by Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov, it is a blowback operated semiautomatic pistol which fires the 9x18mm Makarov cartridge, and holds 8 rounds in the magazine.
A device on a firearm which, when operated, results in the hammer or striker being cocked or moved to the ready position.
A hand tool used in the field for inserting live
and removing spent primers from cartridges.
Also known as a Flash Hider. A muzzle attachment intended to reduce visible muzzle flash caused by the burning propellant.
Flash reducers lessen glare as seen by the shooter, but do not hide the flash from other observers to the front or side of the firearm.
A specialized, highly accurate rifle, fitted with an optical sight used by military snipers to engage personnel and hard targets at long range.
A shotgun shooting sport in which the competitors attempt to break aerial targets directed toward them or crossing in front of them from different angles and elevations. It is an Olympic shooting sport.
The tapered rear end of a bullet. This design is used to increase ballistic efficiency at long range.
A cosmetic process to enhance the looks of firearm parts, such as the bolt. The look is created with an abrasive brush and compound that roughs the surface of the metal in a circular pattern.
Checkering, applied to the otherwise-unfinished butt end of a gunstock.
The tendency of a firearm when fired to move backwards, and a little upwards as a reaction to the force of the projectile moving down the barrel.
As Newton says, to every action there is always an equal and opposite reaction. The mass of the firearm provides some inertia to counteract the momentum of recoil.
What remains is absorbed by at the shoulder or the hand. The heavier the gun, the less the recoil. The more powerful the cartridge, the more the recoil.
An established place where firearms and ammunition are stored, repaired, or manufactured.
The term is misused by the media to mean more than one firearm or any quantity of ammunition, as in "they found an arsenal."
The working mechanism of a firearm involved with presenting the cartridge for firing, and in removing the spent casing and introducing a fresh cartridge.
For example some of the most common types of Actions are single, double, bolt, lever and pump.
The recurved top part of a semi-automatic handgun's grip at the point where it meets the slide. On long guns, the tang is the top strap used to screw the receiver to the stock.
A unit of measure traditionally used for black powder shotgun charges. Today, used for smokeless powders on the basis of the new propellant's
equivalent performance to that weight of black powder. Thus, a shotgun shell marked 3 - 1 1/8
would be loaded with the smokeless powder equivalent of 3 drams of black powder, and with 1 ounce of shot. 1 Dram = 1/16 ounce = 437.5 grains.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
An action type that when the trigger is pulled, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer (or striker).
This applies to both revolvers, semi-automatic and automatic guns.
On a single action revolver, the gun must be manually cocked before it can be fired.
With semi-automatic and automatic guns that are single action, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer, striker or firing pin onto the cartridge.
Then the firearm is cocked again when from the recoil of the fired round.
A firearm that the gun is cocked and the hammer drops when the trigger is pulled is a double action gun.
Ear muff or ear plug hearing protection that have internal electronics that amplify human voices while excluding all noises louder than a given decibel rating.
Electronic hearing protection is best used when shooting outdoors. When on an indoor range they have a tendency to pick up too much echo and other muffled sounds.
A concave, semi-cylindrical surface cut into the forward lump of a barrel set of a break-open firearm which revolves about the hinge-pin when the gun is opened.
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