The Definition of GCA
Gun Control Act of 1968.
It is a U.S. federal law that regulates the firearms industry and firearms owners. It primarily focuses on regulating interstate commerce in firearms by
generally prohibiting interstate firearms transfers except among licensed manufacturers, dealers and importers.
It also prohibits all convicted felons, drug users and the mentally ill from buying guns amd raised the age to purchase handguns from a federally licensed dealer to 21.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A bore snake is a tool used to clean the inside (bore) of the barrel of a gun. It resembles a short section of rope with a smaller,
weighted cord attached to one end to help feed the bore snake through the barrel. A bore snake often has one or more integrated brushes to help clean the barrel,
and may also be used to apply lubricant. It is an alternative to using a cleaning rod and patches to clean the barrel of a gun.
Bore snakes are made in different sizes for different calibers and gauges of guns.
A second, folding or pop-up front sight bead of larger than usual size, perhaps not as accurate as a normal fine bead, but easier to see in the gloaming (twilight) or dawn.
A small orifice at the breech end of the barrel of a muzzle-loading firearm through which the exploding priming charge is conducted from the flash pan to the main charge.
A mechanical safety that prevents a gun from firing when it is unintentionally dropped.
A device used to determine the range to a target. Many range finders work by bouncing a laser beam off the target or
nearby object and measuring the time for the reflection to arrive back at the instrument.
It is also possible to use various passive optical devices such as a mil-dot telescopic sight.
The entire collection of moving parts which work together to fire the gun when the trigger is pulled.
It may include trigger springs, return springs, the trigger itself, the sear, disconnectors, and other parts.
A colloquial term to describe a break-open gun, of any quality but often of the very highest,
bearing the least possible decoration; having an all-blued receiver with either no
engraving at all or only a simple borderline.
In the rifling of a bore, the uncut portions of the barrel's inner surface left after the rifling grooves have been cut into the metal. In other words, the raised portion of rifling.
More correctly a "rifled slug" or "shotgun slug." An individual cylindrical projectile designed to be discharged from a shotgun. The term is often incorrectly used to mean a Bullet.
A heat-treating process that incorporates carbon into the surface molecular
structure of the steel, providing a hard-wearing surface without making the entire
receiver brittle. The parts to be casehardened are packed in a crucible with
carbon-rich media such as bone meal and charcoal, heated to bright orange, about
1800°F, then quenched in bubbling oil. Also
A long gun stock that may be doubled over for conveniently compact storage.
A second sear, poised just behind a second notch in the hammer. It is possible that when a cocked firearm is dropped or sharply jarred, a
single sear could jump out of its notch and the hammer could fall, firing the gun accidentally. In this event, an intercepting sear
would engage before the hammer could fall completely, preventing an accidental discharge. On a gun with intercepting sears, only
by pulling the trigger are both sears moved out of the way simultaneously, allowing the gun to fire.
Intercepting sears are usually found on better sidelock actions. They are sometimes found on best boxlocks,
and can be recognized by an extra screw behind the action fences, in addition to the usual two screws (or pins) along the lower rear of the receiver.
Refers to a revolver frame that has no top-strap over the cylinder.
The area inside the bore nearest to the muzzle.
The part of the gun that strikes either the firing pin or the round directly when the trigger is pulled then detonates the primer of the load and discharges the gun. Hammers may be external or internal. On a striker fired gun (a gun without a physical hammer) the firing pin is considered the hammer since it releases directly when the trigger is pulled.
A mechanical device that protrudes from the gun when a round is in position ready to be fired, giving a visual and tactile indication that the gun is loaded.
A small metal explosive-filled cup which is placed over the nipple of a percussion firearm. As the cap is struck by the hammer, it explodes and sends a flame through the flashhole in the nipple to the main powder charge.
To tilt a gun to one side or the other,
complicating sighting considerably. Can cause material loss of accuracy,
particularly with a rifle at longer ranges. Some better long range target rifles
are equipped with Spirit Level sights
to help control canting.
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