The Definition of Full Stock
A rifle or carbine with a one-piece stock extending to the muzzle. Sometimes called a Mannlicher stock,
although such a term is confusing because Mannlicher Schoenauer rifles are built with both full and half stocks.
Traditional in Europe for close-range woodland hunting, but not noted for extreme, long-range accuracy.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Head [of a Stock]. The forward end of a buttstock, where it meets the receiver and accepts the bulk of the gun's recoil when fired.
The recoil spring is the powerful spring that cushions the slide in its rearward travel and then sends the slide forward again with enough force to drive the fresh round firmly into the chamber.
The strength of the recoil spring is calibrated to run the slide without any outside assistance.
A shooting position in which one or both knees are touching the ground, but the shooter is otherwise erect.
A firearm's ability to be fired fully automatically, semi-automatically or, in some cases, in burst-fire mode at the option of the firer.
A rifle stock, with a sculptured throughole at the wrist for the thumb, said to be more ergonometric to hold than a traditional stock.
Apart from being slower to mount, totally useless for a counter-dexterous person, it is so unmitigatedly graceless as to be beneath consideration.
A rebound, bounce or skip off a surface, particularly in the case of a projectile.
Most firearms do not have literal batteries. But a firearm is said to be in battery when the breech is fully closed and locked,
ready to fire. When the breech is open or unlocked, the gun is out of battery and no attempt should be made to fire it.
A semi-automatic is out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the gun has fired, making it
dangerous or impossible to fire the next round. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs,
the shooter's thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
Abbreviation for Cartridge Overall Length.
A colloquial term to describe a break-open gun, of any quality but often of the very highest,
bearing the least possible decoration; having an all-blued receiver with either no
engraving at all or only a simple borderline.
On a semi-automatic pistol, or any other firearm in which the trigger is at some distance from the sear, this is an intermediate piece connecting the two parts.
The charge used to ignite the propelling charge.
Also called black powder, gunpowder is a mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly,
producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant
in firearms and as a pyrotechnic composition in fireworks. The term gunpowder also refers broadly to any propellant powder.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional gunpowder (black powder) described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
The science of cartridge discharge and the bullet's flight. Internal ballistics deals with what happens inside of a firearm upon discharge.
External ballistics is the study of a projectile's flight, and terminal ballistics is the study of the impact of a projectile.
The term used for the casing on modern rifle and pistol ammunition. It is usually made out of brass but can also be aluminum or steel.
The casing on a shotgun shell is usually refered to as a hull
A game of competitive clay pigeon shooting on a formally designed layout. In plan view, one launching machine is located 16 yards in front of a straight line,
firing rising targets perpendicular to and away from that line. Five competitors shoot five individual targets at each of five stations along that line.
Although each target is presented at slightly randomized vectors, trap emphasizes generally a single type of shot, outgoing and rising,
and targets are broken at generally longer ranges than Skeet.
An action type that when the trigger is pulled, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer (or striker).
This applies to both revolvers, semi-automatic and automatic guns.
On a single action revolver, the gun must be manually cocked before it can be fired.
With semi-automatic and automatic guns that are single action, the only thing the trigger does is drop the hammer, striker or firing pin onto the cartridge.
Then the firearm is cocked again when from the recoil of the fired round.
A firearm that the gun is cocked and the hammer drops when the trigger is pulled is a double action gun.
A military person designated as a special marksman who is used to shoot designated targets of opportunity at long range.
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