The Definition of Front Sight
The front sight is placed at the muzzle end of the barrel. It is often (but not always) in the form of a dot or a blade.
To attain a proper sight picture and shoot with the greatest degree of accuracy, the shooter's eye
should be focused sharply upon the front sight while shooting, allowing both the rear sight and the target to blur somewhat.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A complete cartridge of several obsolete types and of today's rimfire and center-fire versions
The back part of a rifle or shotgun, excluding the receiver.
A small metal tube extending through the breech of a percussion firearm through which the flame passes from the percussion cap to fire the powder charge.
The point at which the trigger allows the hammer to fall, or releases the striker, so that the shot fires. The ideal trigger break is sudden and definite.
"Like a glass rod" is the cliche term shooters use to describe the ideal crisp, clean break.
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
A device used (usually set on a counter) to support a shooters arms and/or hands to help make steadier shots.
A quad stack box magazine.
A regular pattern of fine grooves cut into
the surface of a stock to aid in gripping a gun. Originally done for utility only,
checkering has become an art form in itself; craftsmen adorning the borders with ribbons,
fleur-de-lys, floral carving, etc. The amount of coverage, the precise regularity, and the
number of lines per inch indicate the quality of the work. Too-fine checkering, however,
defeats the purpose of the work altogether.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
An empty ammunition case.
American name for the German "Parabellum" semiautomatic pistol introduced in 1900.
The Parabellum was designed by Georg Luger, and based on the earlier Borchardt pistol.
The official German military nomenclature was "Pistole '08" or "Po8." At first, it was chambered for the 7.65mm Parabellum round.
Soon, it was modified to use the 9mm Parabellum cartridge, which is what most people refer to today when talking about a 9mm cartridge.
"Luger" is now a trademark owned by the Stoeger Arms Co.
Markings impressed into the base of a cartridge case, normally identifying the maker's name, the cartridge calibre designation, and sometimes the date.
The science of cartridge discharge and the bullet's flight. Internal ballistics deals with what happens inside of a firearm upon discharge.
External ballistics is the study of a projectile's flight, and terminal ballistics is the study of the impact of a projectile.
A cable with a padlock at the end. It is threaded through the action of the firearm rendering the gun safe and useless until the lock is removed.
Improper term for a device that cuts down on the noise a firearm makes when it is shot. The correct term is suppressor. Silencers only exist in the movies.
Co-Witness Sighting is the use of any iron sight mounted onto a rifle that is fitted with an optical sight as a primary sighting system.
They come in two basic configurations, fixed or flip-up. The idea is that if you align your red dot and your iron
sights you have a backup aiming system on the gun.
The point of the trigger's return at which the gun's internal mechanisms are ready to fire another round.
More commonly known as WSM, it is a family of centerfire cartridges designed by Winchester Repeating Arms Company
A safety which the shooter must deliberately disengage in order to fire the gun. The most common form of safety mechanism is a
switch that, when set to the "safe" position, prevents a pull of the trigger from firing the firearm.
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