The Definition of Frizzen
The part of a flintlock action that receives the blow of the flint-tipped hammer, which then yields tiny molten fragments of steel
,sparks, which fall into the flashpan, igniting the priming charge and thence, through the touchhole, the main charge.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The face of the action of a break-open firearm which houses the firing pins and receives the direct recoil of the fired round.
More commonly known as WRF, it is a family of rimfire cartridges designed by Winchester Repeating Arms Company
An early form of complete, self-contained cartridge. It included bullet, powder and ignition primer, all in one package.
The primer was located towards the base of the cartridge, but completely internally. The pin, shaped like a little finishing nail,
pointed on the inside end and resting on the internal primer, projected radially about a quarter-inch to the outside of the base of
the cartridge. When loaded, a pinfire gun showed the tips of the pins exposed through small slots in the tops of the breech faces of the barrels.
To fire, hammers fell on the pins, driving them (through the wall of the cartridge) into the internal primer.
The term used for the casing on modern rifle and pistol ammunition. It is usually made out of brass but can also be aluminum or steel.
The casing on a shotgun shell is usually refered to as a hull
Also known as Gun Powder.
A mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly, producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant in firearms and as a
pyrotechnic composition in fireworks.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional black powder described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
A device fitted inside the buttstock of a heavily-recoiling gun or rifle, usually containing mercury and a valve.
As the gun recoils, the mercury is displaced temporarily, increasing the duration, and thus diminishing the
perceived impact of the recoil. The added half-pound of weight doesn't hurt either.
A moon clip is a ring-shaped or star-shaped piece of metal designed to hold multiple cartridges together as a unit, for simultaneous insertion and extraction from a revolver cylinder.
Unlike a speedloader, a moon clip remains in place during firing, and after firing, is used to extract the empty cartridge cases.
A popular term for a short barreled repeating shotgun as frequently used in law enforcement and personal protection.
A claw [scope] mount with openings through which a shooter can use a rifle's iron sights without removing the scope.
A shotgun pattern with erratic shot distribution, generally caused by gas escaping past the wads and getting into the shot.
Ear muff or ear plug hearing protection that have internal electronics that amplify human voices while excluding all noises louder than a given decibel rating.
Electronic hearing protection is best used when shooting outdoors. When on an indoor range they have a tendency to pick up too much echo and other muffled sounds.
A smooth, sometimes contoured plate, within a magazine, at the top of a spring, across which cartridges slide when being loaded into a chamber.
Nickname for the U.S. M1841 Rifle, a .54 caliber muzzleloading rifle. The name comes from their use by a group of U.S.
Volunteers from Mississippi who were commanded by Jefferson Davis in the Mexican War. Some were later rebored to .58 caliber.
The arc described by a projectile (or a load of shot) after it exits the muzzle of a firearm. Falling objects accelerate downwards at a rate of 32 feet per second, per second.
The faster a projectile travels, the greater the distance it can cover in a given time before dropping too far. Hence, the higher the velocity of a bullet, the flatter the trajectory it will achieve.
A plain, functional, unembellished firearm used to hunt in rough terrain where one might prefer not to put a more expensive, deluxe grade gun at risk of damage.
A line, either imaginary or marked, from which people shoot their firearms down range.
An oversized, lightweight housing that allows a sub-calibre projectile to be fired in a larger-diameter bore, usually in the interest of increased velocity.
The sabot falls away from the actual projectile upon exiting the muzzle.
For example, a hunter could use his .30-30 deer rifle to shoot small game with .22 centerfire bullets.