The Definition of Forcing Cone
In a shotgun barrel, A tapered area a few inches from the breech end, providing a transition between the chamber
(approximately the diameter of the outside of a shotgun shell) to the bore proper (approximately the diameter of the inside of a shotgun shell).
The forcing cone provides the transition between the exterior and the interior diameters of the cartridge.
Older shotguns usually have more abrupt forcing cones suitable for then-current thick-walled paper shells with fibre wads.
Newer shotguns usually have more gradual, longer forcing cones suitable for thinner modern plastic shells with obturating plastic shot-cup wads.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Expanding the neck of an existing cartridge to make it use a bullet of a different caliber. A typical process used in the creation of wildcat cartridges.
A sub-field of ballistics, is the study of the behavior of a projectile when it hits its target.
A muzzle flash is the visible light of a muzzle blast, which expels high temperature, high pressure gases from the muzzle of a firearm.
The blast and flash are caused by the combustion products of the gunpowder, and any remaining unburned powder,
mixing with the ambient air. The size and shape of the muzzle flash is dependent on the type of ammunition being
used and the individual characteristics of firearm and any devices attached to the muzzle (such as a muzzle brake or flash suppressor)
A Moon Clip that hold enough rounds to load only a portion (usually half capacity) of a revolvers cylinder.
This occurs in telescopic sights when the primary image of the objective lens does not coincide with the reticle.Telescopic sights often have parallax adjustments to minimize this effect.
A stun grenade, also known as a flash grenade, is a non-lethal explosive device used to temporarily disorient an enemy's senses.
It is designed to produce a blinding flash of light and intensely loud noise "bang" of greater than 170 decibels (dB)
without causing permanent injury. It was first developed by the British Army's SAS in the 1960s.
The flash produced momentarily activates all photoreceptor cells in the eye, making vision impossible for approximately five seconds,
until the eye restores itself to its normal, unstimulated state. The loud blast is meant to cause temporary loss of hearing,
and also disturbs the fluid in the ear, causing loss of balance.
The concussive blast of the detonation can still injure, and the heat created can ignite flammable materials such as fuel.
The fires that occurred during the Iranian Embassy siege in London were caused by stun grenades.
A measure of projectiles ability to overcome air resistance in flight.
It is inversely proportional to the deceleration—a high number indicates a low deceleration.
Ballistic Coefficient (abbreviated as BC) is a function of mass, diameter, and drag coefficient. In bullets it refers to the amount that drop over distance and wind drift will affect the bullet.
A type of cartridge whose bullet diameter is substantially less than the body diameter of the casing.
Usually only found on black powder muzzle loading rifles and pistols,
pulling the rear (set) trigger converts the front (main) trigger to a light, hair trigger
(too light and sensitive to be carried safely in the field). While the front trigger is always at the ready,
if one has the time, using the set trigger feature may allow for a more accurate long-distance shot.
Operates using its own miniature firing mechanism (sear, spring and hammer) when cocked,
to multiply the force of a pull on the main trigger.
A bullet or shot in flight after discharge from a firearm.
"V" shaped rear leaf sights mounted to a rifle barrel on a block or on a quarter-rib, sometimes solid standing, sometimes folding,
and often mounted in a row of similar leaves, each of a slightly different height, marked with the range for which each is regulated
Abbreviation for Accidental Discharge
A firearm manufactured by someone who is not a regular maker of firearms.
The distance the trigger must travel before it reaches the break point and fires the gun.
The farthest distance that a target of a given size can be hit without holding over or under with the sights.
The exact range is determined by the performance of the cartridge used, the ZERO range, and the accepted size of the target area.
This term is not to be confused with point blank shooting.
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