The Definition of Field Gun
A shotgun, generally stocked to shoot where it is pointed and of relatively light weight because one often carries it a great distance for upland birds,
the consequent recoil not being an important factor because one actually shoots it very little.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A rifle front sight with a extra-large, folding bead. Typically, in addition to the normal fine bead (which allows for more precision) the larger bead,
while at a cost of potential accuracy, is more readily acquired in marginal light. Also called a Gloaming sight
Also called black powder, gunpowder is a mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly,
producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant
in firearms and as a pyrotechnic composition in fireworks. The term gunpowder also refers broadly to any propellant powder.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional gunpowder (black powder) described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
A needle like metal part of a modern firearm that gives a vigorous strike to the primer initiating the firing of the cartridge.
Shooting a target at a very very close range.
A premature, unintended discharge of a firearm that occurs as a round is being loaded into the chamber.
Defined according to Section 921 (a) (16), Title 18, U.S.C. as:
A. any firearm (including any firearm with matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system) manufactured in or before 1898; and
B. any replica of any firearm described in subparagraph (A) if such replica (i) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition, or (ii)
uses rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed ammunition which is no longer manufactured in the United States and which is not readily available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade.
Recoil operation is an operating mechanism used in locked-breech, autoloading firearms. As the name implies, these actions use the force of recoil to provide energy to cycle the action.
A shooting sport where cometitors use three different guns on each stage of the competion; shotgun, rifle and handgun.
Slang for a full metal jacket bullet with a round nose.
The term is most commonly used in referring to .45 ACP caliber ammunition, but may be used for other calibers as well.
A bullet or shot in flight after discharge from a firearm.
The mechanical sighting system which usually comes with the firearm made of metal with no optics.
A lever on a break-open gun mounted to the top of the receiver which, when pushed with the thumb (normally) to the right, operates (usually) a
Scott Spindle, which in turn withdraws (usually) a Purdey Underbolt from the bites in the lumps of the barrels,
allowing them to hinge downwards and the gun to open.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
A safety lever or button found on the outer surfaces of the firearm and is accessible to the user. Enabling the external safety should prevent accidental pulling of the trigger. However, the best safety is always you.
A three-barrel gun.
Typically it has two shotgun barrels side by side on the top, with a third rifle barrel underneath.
This provides a very versatile firearm capable of taking winged animals as well as big game.
It also is useful in jurisdictions where a person is only allowed to own a single firearm.
A concept created by eminent gun writer Col. Jeff Cooper. A scout rifle, generally, is a bolt action carbine firing a
medium power round suitable for taking large game (e.g., .308), fitted with a long eye-relief telescopic sight mounted on the barrel, and a back up set of iron sights.
An inert ammunition-shaped object, used in practice to simulate misfeeds and other malfunctions. Some folks also use them during dry fire practice to cushion the firing pin as it strikes.
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