The Definition of Falling Block
A type of action used primarily for single shot rifles whereby some kind of lever actuates a breechblock, moving it downwards in a vertical recess to expose the chamber.
May have visible or enclosed hammer. For any given barrel length, it allows a shorter overall rifle length compared to a bolt action because no space is
taken up by the forward-and-back cycling of the bolt. Most of the better British makers produced them in limited numbers around the turn of the last century,
the Farquharson being the most iconic. Perhaps the best-known falling block action today is the Ruger No.1.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
In the Modern Isosceles
the feet are roughly shoulder width apart, with the gun-side foot closer to the target than the off-side foot.
The knees are flexed, and the entire body leans slightly toward the target. The shoulders are closer to the target than the hips, and the hips are more forward than the knees.
The shoulders are rotated forward and the head, rather than being upright, is vultured down behind the sights.
The entire body thus has an aggressively forward appearance, and is poised to move quickly if necessary.
Abbreviation for Concealed Carry Permit.
A type of shotgun ammunition that uses medium-sized to large-sized pellets of .24" in diameter or greater,
designed to be discharged in quantity from a shotgun. Generally the larger the pellets, the fewer of them there are in casing.
A 1/60th part of a degree, the unit of measure used in adjusting rifle sights.
As it turns out conveniently, a minute of angle translates almost exactly to one inch at 100 yards
(actually 1.047 inches), to two inches at 200 yards and three inches at 300 yards
A pair of small dovetailed steel bases, screwed usually one to the barrel and one to the front receiver ring of a rifle,
to accept mounts for target scopes such as the Unertl where the scope is allowed to move forward in the rings under
the recoil of the rifle and which typically carry the windage and elevation adjustments in the mount.
The firing mechanism of a break-open gun which may be removed for inspection or cleaning without the use of tools.
The release latch may be plainly visible or concealed. A feature typically seen on sidelock guns but also on the Westley Richards "droplock" boxlock action.
Shooting a target at a very very close range.
To tilt a gun to one side or the other,
complicating sighting considerably. Can cause material loss of accuracy,
particularly with a rifle at longer ranges. Some better long range target rifles
are equipped with Spirit Level sights
to help control canting.
The process of a bullet expanding under pressure to fit the bore of the firearm, or a cartridge case expanding under pressure to seal the chamber.
The official US military designation for the Colt .45 semiautomatic pistol adopted by the US in 1911.
The gun was designed by John Moses Browning, and produced by Colt.
During trials, the Browning-Colt design beat out several competing designs, including one from Savage and a .45 caliber version of the German Parabellum ("Luger").
The M1911 saw its first combat in the Philippines and then in World War I.
Early use showed that it could be improved and in 1921 the M1911A1 was introduced, which featured a few changes like a reocontoured frame,
shorter trigger, and a rounded backstrap. The M1911A1 remained the standard US military handgun until it was replaced in the 1980's by the Beretta M9.
However, it remains very popular with civilian shooters in the US, and has been modified extensively to update it to
conform to more modern theories of handgun usage.
Unloading a gun and double checking that it is unloaded or fixing a malfunction so that the gun is ready to fire again.