The Definition of Elevation
The setting on the sights of a firearm that controls the vertical placement and the altitude above mean sea level.
This is important for long range precision shooting because the air density changes with elevation and affects the path of the bullet.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A chemical phosphate process developed during the second world war to provide an economical, durable and non-reflective surface finish to military firearms.
John Moses Browning was born in Ogden, Utah on January 23, 1855, and was an American
firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms,
many of which are still in use around the world.
Almost all of his design concepts can be found in some form or another in every modern automatic and semi-automatic firearm.
He is regarded as one of the most successful firearms designers of the 20th century,
in the development of modern automatic and semi-automatic firearms, and is credited with 128 gun patents.
He made his first firearm at age 13 in his father's gun shop, and was awarded his first patent on October 7, 1879 at the age of 24.
The Browning Arms Company was founded in 1878 by John Moses Browning and his brother Matthew Sandifer Browning. The company was founded to market the sporting (non-military) designs of John Moses Browning.
The company still exists today mostly manufacturing world class shotguns.
The beginning of the bore of a rifled firearm. The transition between the chamber and the rifling. The area most vulnerable to erosion from high velocity cartridges.
A type of firearm action which uses a lever located around the trigger guard area,
(often including the trigger guard itself) to load fresh cartridges into the chamber of the barrel when the lever is worked.
An inert ammunition-shaped object, used in practice to simulate misfeeds and other malfunctions and also used in dry fire practice.
Unlike a blank, a dummy round contains no charge at all.
A snap-cap is a type of dummy round.
A round of ammunition that does not fire.
Abbreviation for Long Rifle. Typically used in the .22 caliber cartridge designation .22LR. However can be used as an abbreviation for Kentucky Long Rifle
A material added to an explosive to slow its burning rate.
Something that will prevent or hinder something from happening.
The firing mechanism of a a muzzle-loading weapon. In breech-loading firearms, the lock is the firing mechanism and breech-sealing assembly.
A hinged plate covering the bottom of a rifle magazine and extending rearward on either side of the triggerguard.
This design allows it to be more securely fastened for one more imperceptible step towards total reliability.
In a handgun that does not have a hammer, the striker is a linear driven, spring loaded cylindrical part which strikes the primer of a chambered cartridge.
The striker replaces both the hammer and firing pin found in hammer driven pistols.
The interval of time between trigger release and the detonation of the primer. Generally, the faster the lock time the better, because this makes it easier to shoot accurately.
A condition (status) of a shooting range that shooters may commence to fire.
A secure storage place for ammunition or explosives.
On a firearm, it is the container, either fixed to a firearms's frame or detachable, which holds cartridges waiting to be fed into the gun's chamber.
Detachable magazines for the same gun may be offered by the gun's manufacturer or other manufacturers with various capacities.
A gun with a five-shot detachable magazine, for instance, may be fitted with a magazine holding 10, 20, or 50 or more rounds.
Box magazines are most commonly located under the receiver with the cartridges stacked vertically.
Tube or tubular magazines run through the stock or under the barrel with the cartridges lying horizontally (like on a shotgun or lever action rifle.
Drum magazines hold their cartridges in a circular mode (for example the famous drum magazine on a Thompson submachine gun).
On a revolver, the magazine is known as the cylinder.
Internal magazines are built into the firearm and are not removable.
Examples of internal magazines are the tube magazines of a shotgun or the magazine on a Mosin Nagant.
A magazine is not a clip!
The vise-like device on a flintlock hammer used to hold the flint.
A needle gun is a bolt-action firearm (the first known type of bolt action rifle) that has a needle-like firing pin, which can pass through fully self-contained (paper) cartridge case to strike a percussion cap at the bullet base.
The first experimental needle gun was designed by Jean Samuel Pauly, a Swiss gunsmith, in 1812.
The first mass-produced needle gun was invented by the German gunsmith Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, who, beginning in 1824, had conducted multiple experiments, and in 1836 produced the first viable breech loading gun model using a complete cartridge .
A firing pin which moves freely forward and backward in the breechblock.
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