The Definition of Disc-Set Strikers
Circular steel fittings, about 1/2 inch in diameter, screwed into the breech face of a gun and through which the firing pins pass.
Firing pin bushings allow the convenient replacement of broken firing pins. They also allow the renewal of an older gun where, over the decades,
leakage of high-pressure gas from corrosive primers has eroded the breech face around the firing pins; and replacing these bushings with new ones,
slightly oversized can compensate for a situation where proper headspace has been compromised.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A rifle stock, with a sculptured throughole at the wrist for the thumb, said to be more ergonometric to hold than a traditional stock.
Apart from being slower to mount, totally useless for a counter-dexterous person, it is so unmitigatedly graceless as to be beneath consideration.
Also called black powder, gunpowder is a mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly,
producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant
in firearms and as a pyrotechnic composition in fireworks. The term gunpowder also refers broadly to any propellant powder.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional gunpowder (black powder) described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
A passive, external safety typically located on the backstrap, which must be fully depressed to release the trigger. Most 1911-pattern pistols feature a grip safety.
A box of ammunition roughly equal in size and weight to a brick. Most often used to describe a 500-round container of .22 Long Rifle ammunition.
A tip for a cleaning rod, a jag, with spirally-radial wires for vigorously scrubbing a gun's bore.
Front sight hood.
A hollow cylinder fitted to a rifle's front sight ramp, both to protect the delicate front sight bead from impact,
and to shade it from oblique sunlight which could have the effect of altering the sight's apparent position.
The science of cartridge discharge and the bullet's flight. Internal ballistics deals with what happens inside of a firearm upon discharge.
External ballistics is the study of a projectile's flight, and terminal ballistics is the study of the impact of a projectile.
The opening in the bottom of the gun into which a box magazine is fed. On a semi-auto handgun,
the magazine well is at the base of the grip; on a rifle, it is usually placed in front of the trigger guard.
A small metal explosive-filled cup which is placed over the nipple of a percussion firearm. As the cap is struck by the hammer, it explodes and sends a flame through the flashhole in the nipple to the main powder charge.
A type of action used primarily for single shot rifles whereby some kind of lever actuates a breechblock, moving it downwards in a vertical recess to expose the chamber.
May have visible or enclosed hammer. For any given barrel length, it allows a shorter overall rifle length compared to a bolt action because no space is
taken up by the forward-and-back cycling of the bolt. Most of the better British makers produced them in limited numbers around the turn of the last century,
the Farquharson being the most iconic. Perhaps the best-known falling block action today is the Ruger No.1.
A needle gun is a bolt-action firearm (the first known type of bolt action rifle) that has a needle-like firing pin, which can pass through fully self-contained (paper) cartridge case to strike a percussion cap at the bullet base.
The first experimental needle gun was designed by Jean Samuel Pauly, a Swiss gunsmith, in 1812.
The first mass-produced needle gun was invented by the German gunsmith Johann Nicolaus von Dreyse, who, beginning in 1824, had conducted multiple experiments, and in 1836 produced the first viable breech loading gun model using a complete cartridge .
A 1/60th part of a degree, the unit of measure used in adjusting rifle sights.
As it turns out conveniently, a minute of angle translates almost exactly to one inch at 100 yards
(actually 1.047 inches), to two inches at 200 yards and three inches at 300 yards
A mechanical device that protrudes from the gun when a round is in position ready to be fired, giving a visual and tactile indication that the gun is loaded.
A bolt action which is locked by pressing the bolt handle in and down, thereby turning its locking lugs into the receiver.
A type of firearm action which uses a lever located around the trigger guard area,
(often including the trigger guard itself) to load fresh cartridges into the chamber of the barrel when the lever is worked.
The vise-like device on a flintlock hammer used to hold the flint.
Abbreviation for Double Action/Single Action. A type of firearm that is designed to operate in double action on the first shot, and in single action on the second and subsequent shots.
A type of firearm in which the action is in the open position and the chamber empty prior to firing.
When the trigger is pressed the bolt moves forward, chambering a cartridge and firing it and returning
to the open position. When firing is stopped the bolt remains open and the chamber empty.
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