The Definition of Curio and Relic
Curio and Relic
Firearms which are of special interest to collectors by reason of some quality
other than is associated with firearms intended for sporting use or as offensive or
defensive weapons. To be recognized as curios or relics, firearms must fall within one of
the following categories:
A special Curios or Relics license is available from the BATF, which allows collectors to buy eligible firearms in interstate commerce.
- Firearms which were manufactured at least 50 years prior to the current date, but not
including replicas thereof;
- Firearms which are certified by the curator of a municipal, State, or Federal museum
which exhibits firearms to be curios or relics of museum interest; and
- Any other firearms which derive a substantial part of their monetary value from the fact
that they are novel, rare, bizarre, or because of their association with some historical
figure, period, or event. Proof of qualification of a particular firearm under this
category may be established by evidence of present value and evidence that like firearms
are not available except as collector's items, or that the value of like firearms
available in ordinary channels is substantially less.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A firearm whose barrels are hinged, and rotate perpendicular to the bore axis to expose the breech and allow loading and unloading of ammunition.
A type of iron sights that glow or shine in the dark, intended for use in low light conditions. Some night sights consist of tiny tubes of tritium, while others use a phosphorus paint.
A slang term for a shotgun.
Bull barrels are barrels that are not tapered at all. These very heavy barrels, designed for extreme accuracy, are usually seen on target rifles.
The cartridge for a shotgun. It is also called a "shell," and its body is usually made of plastic (metal shotgun shells are very rare, paper shotgun shells are extinct)
with a metal head.
Small shotshells are also made for rifles and handguns and are often used for vermin control.
A metal cup placed on the end of a lead bullet to protect the lead against the hot gases of the burning powder charge.
Used in some types of firearms ammunition when non-jacketed bullets are used in high pressure cartridges, to prevent the buildup of lead in the barrel and aid in accuracy.
The superheated air created by burning powder. A gas-operated firearm is one that uses the energy from these superheated gases to work the action in semi-automatic and automatic guns.
The part of the gun that strikes either the firing pin or the round directly when the trigger is pulled then detonates the primer of the load and discharges the gun. Hammers may be external or internal. On a striker fired gun (a gun without a physical hammer) the firing pin is considered the hammer since it releases directly when the trigger is pulled.
Abbreviation for Concealed Carry License.
Also known as Gun Powder.
A mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly, producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant in firearms and as a
pyrotechnic composition in fireworks.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional black powder described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
The NRA teaches the Three Basic Rules of Safe Gun Handling.
There are additional rules, but these are the three that if any two are followed, nobody will be hurt. However, obviously, all three should
always be followed.
Rule One: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
The NRA established these three rules in 1871. They were created to be easy to understand and remember,
ensuring the highest possible level of firearm safety.
Rule Two: ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.
Rule Three: ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.
See also The Four Rules
The unalienable right of all of the people, stated in the Second Article of The Bill of Rights, to possess and use personally owned firearms for sport, recreation, personal protection, and the defense of the nation.
A hand tool used in the field for inserting live
and removing spent primers from cartridges.
A firearm configuration where the magazine and action are behind the trigger.
The portion of the stock (on a rifle) or frame (on a pistol) gripped by the trigger hand.
A bullet designed with a full diameter flat point. It is primarily used in target competition because it cuts a clean round hole in paper targets that aids in scoring the target.