The Definition of Curio and Relic
Curio and Relic
Firearms which are of special interest to collectors by reason of some quality
other than is associated with firearms intended for sporting use or as offensive or
defensive weapons. To be recognized as curios or relics, firearms must fall within one of
the following categories:
A special Curios or Relics license is available from the BATF, which allows collectors to buy eligible firearms in interstate commerce.
- Firearms which were manufactured at least 50 years prior to the current date, but not
including replicas thereof;
- Firearms which are certified by the curator of a municipal, State, or Federal museum
which exhibits firearms to be curios or relics of museum interest; and
- Any other firearms which derive a substantial part of their monetary value from the fact
that they are novel, rare, bizarre, or because of their association with some historical
figure, period, or event. Proof of qualification of a particular firearm under this
category may be established by evidence of present value and evidence that like firearms
are not available except as collector's items, or that the value of like firearms
available in ordinary channels is substantially less.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A firearm is loaded when a cartridge is in its firing chamber. However, for safety reasons all firearms are always treated as loaded at all times.
A unit of measure traditionally used for black powder shotgun charges. Today, used for smokeless powders on the basis of the new propellant's
equivalent performance to that weight of black powder. Thus, a shotgun shell marked 3 - 1 1/8
would be loaded with the smokeless powder equivalent of 3 drams of black powder, and with 1 ounce of shot. 1 Dram = 1/16 ounce = 437.5 grains.
A higher quality item used to increase accuracy, generally used for competition in a match. Match grade ammo and barrels are the most common improvements made to a firearm to improve accuracy for competition.
Co-Witness Sighting is the use of any iron sight mounted onto a rifle that is fitted with an optical sight as a primary sighting system.
They come in two basic configurations, fixed or flip-up. The idea is that if you align your red dot and your iron
sights you have a backup aiming system on the gun.
The four rules of firearms safety,were originally introduced in the early 1900's by various shooting education sources (with varying phrasing, but same implications), they apply every single time a firearm is handled in any way or for any reason. The NRA
teaches the Three Rules of Safe Gun Handling.
Rule One: All guns are always loaded. (Treat all guns as if they are loaded, no matter what!)
Rule Two: Never point your firearm at anything you are not willing to destroy.
Rule Three: Never put your finger on the trigger unless your sights are on target (and you have made the decision to fire).
Rule Four: Be sure of your target and what is behind it.
A fully automatic firearm that rapidly fires multiple rifle-caliber shots with a single pull of the trigger.
A type of curve represented by the curved section of a bullet between its bearing surface and its tip.
More correctly a "rifled slug" or "shotgun slug." An individual cylindrical projectile designed to be discharged from a shotgun. The term is often incorrectly used to mean a Bullet.
A firing mode enabling the shooter to fire a predetermined number of rounds with a single pull of the trigger.
A type of firearm capable of discharging multiple individual shots in sequence, fed from a magazine, via the operation a lever, bolt, slide or some other form of manual operation.
The "packaged" components that are needed in order to fire in a case or shell holding a primer,
(which produces the spark) a charge of propellant (gunpowder) and a projectile (bullets, slug or pellets.)
Sometimes called "fixed ammunition" to differentiate from the individual components placed separately in muzzleloaders.
A single unit of ammunition in modern firearms is called a cartridge. The units of measure for quantity of ammunition is rounds.
There are hundreds of sizes of ammunition, examples include .223 Remington, 9mm Luger, 30.06, .308 Winchester,
.300 Winchester Magnum, and .50 Browning Machine Gun (BMG). The ammunition used must match the firearm.
A mechanical safety that prevents a gun from firing when it is unintentionally dropped.
A handgun-style fully automatic or burst-mode firearm.
A machine pistol is not the same thing as a Submachine Gun
A device on a firearm which, when operated, results in the hammer or striker being cocked or moved to the ready position.
A trigger that breaks from an extremely light touch.
A type of mechanism for removing a spent shell casing from the chamber of a firearm and inserting a fresh cartridge into the chamber.
This type of mechanism is most commonly used in shotguns and rimfire rifles.
A type of internal hammer side by side shotgun boxlock action.
It was patented in 1875 and is the essence of simplicity utilizing only two springs and three moving parts (per barrel).
One of the most successful action designs ever, and still produced to this day by most SxS shotgun manufacturers.
An early firearm mechanism in which a wheel with serrated edges is wound against the tension of a strong spring and spins against a piece of iron pyrite, sending a shower of sparks into the pan to ignite the charge.