The Definition of Cordite
A family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom from 1889 to
replace gunpowder as a military propellant. Like gunpowder, cordite is classified as a low
explosive because of its slow burning rates and consequently low brisance.
The hot gases produced by burning gunpowder or cordite generate sufficient pressure to propel a bullet or shell to its target,
but not enough to destroy the barrel of the firearm, or gun.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A matrix of dots, posts or lines, visible inside a rifle's telescopic sight, normally adjustable via exterior knobs for windage and elevation.
After careful adjustment at a known range, the shooter aims the rifle by superimposing this matrix onto the target. With good estimation or range,
cooperation from the wind, a clear eye and a steady hand, he may have a reasonable expectation of hitting his target.
A mechanical device that protrudes from the gun when a round is in position ready to be fired, giving a visual and tactile indication that the gun is loaded.
Visible disturbance in the air by a bullet. Typically this takes the form of image distortion that persists for a fraction of a second in the shape of an inverted V similar to that of a boat wake.
The portion of the stock (on a rifle) or frame (on a pistol) gripped by the trigger hand.
A musket shortened for cavalry use.
An unexpected and undesirable discharge of a firearm caused by circumstances beyond the control of the participant(s) such as a mechanical failure or parts breakage.
There are very, very few firearms related "accidents" and if the "Three Rules" are followed there will hopefully be no injury.
Accidental Discharge should not be confused with "Negligent Discharge".
Any substance (TNT, etc.) that, through chemical reaction, detonates or violently changes to gas with accompanying heat and pressure.
On an outdoor shooting range, a large pile of dirt that functions as a backstop.
The small dished container located on the side or top of a matchlock, wheel-lock or flintlock forearm used to hold the priming powder charge.
A shoulder-held firearm that has two barrels; one rifle barrel and one shotgun barrel.
Most combination guns are of an over/under design (abbreviated as O/U), in which the two barrels are stacked vertically on top of each other,
but some combination guns are of a side-by-side design (abbreviated as SxS), in which the two barrels sit beside each other.
By convention, powerfully loaded shotgun cartridges for hunting are generally manufactured with relatively longer brass end-caps than lower
powered cartridges intended for target shooting. While different-sized brass bases are of virtually no consequence to the strength of the
shell in relation to the steel breech of the gun itself, they do help the shooter identify the relative power of cartridges at a glance.
To tilt a gun to one side or the other,
complicating sighting considerably. Can cause material loss of accuracy,
particularly with a rifle at longer ranges. Some better long range target rifles
are equipped with Spirit Level sights
to help control canting.
A type of steel round shot fired from air rifles. The name originated from the size of steel balls used in a shotgun of the same size (.177 caliber). In a 12 guage shotgun shell using BB size shot, there will be typically 90 BBs in a shell
Hearing protection that fits inside the ear canal.
A variety of pneumatic gun that propels projectiles by means of compressed air or other gas, in contrast to firearms, which use a propellant charge.
Both the rifle and pistol forms (air rifle and air pistol) typically propel metallic projectiles, either pellets, or BBs. Certain types of air guns, usually rifles, may also propel arrows.
Abbreviation for Double Action/Single Action. A type of firearm that is designed to operate in double action on the first shot, and in single action on the second and subsequent shots.
German for Hand-Cocking or Cocker/De-Cocker. A type of action on a break-open gun or rifle where, in place of a traditional top tang safety,
a somewhat more robust tab is fitted. Normally such a gun is carried in the field loaded, but with the action not cocked,
an exceedingly safe condition. Then, when ready to fire, the shooter, instead of pushing a safety tab forward,
pushes this larger tab forward, cocking the mainspring, making the gun ready to fire.
Then, if the shot is not taken, he may simply slide this tab rearwards again, de-cocking the gun
and returning it to the still-loaded, but very safe position.
Spiral grooves formed into the bore of a gun barrel, which cause the bullet to spin upon firing, thus stabilizing it much like a thrown football.
Rifling may be cut, swaged, or forged into the barrel.
Informal shooting at any of a variety of inanimate targets.
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