The Definition of Comb
The top of a gun's stock, where a shooter rests his cheek when mounting a gun.
As it is the top of the stock that determines the position of
one's eye, and one's eye is the rear sight on a shotgun, the position of the comb
is very important in determining the proper fit of a shotgun.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Openings at the muzzle end of the gun through which some of the spent gases can escape.
Porting reduces perceived recoil and lessens muzzle rise but increases the noise and flash.
A repeating firearm in which the ammunition is held in a multi-chambered cylinder, which is rotated to bring each chamber in line with
the barrel. Most revolvers are handguns, although shoulder-fired arms have been made using this sort of mechanism.
A type of firearm action in which the guns's bolt is operated manually by the opening and closing of the breech (barrel) with a small handle.
As the handle is operated, the bolt is unlocked, the breech is opened, the spent shell casing is withdrawn and ejected,
the firing pin is cocked, and finally a new round/shell (if available) is placed into the breech and the bolt closed.
A mounting point on a small arm that allows a bayonet or other accessory to be attached.
A 1/60th part of a degree, the unit of measure used in adjusting rifle sights.
As it turns out conveniently, a minute of angle translates almost exactly to one inch at 100 yards
(actually 1.047 inches), to two inches at 200 yards and three inches at 300 yards
A concept created by eminent gun writer Col. Jeff Cooper. A scout rifle, generally, is a bolt action carbine firing a
medium power round suitable for taking large game (e.g., .308), fitted with a long eye-relief telescopic sight mounted on the barrel, and a back up set of iron sights.
The thumb-piece on the top rear of the hammer that enables it to be manually drawn back to full cock.
The recoil spring is the powerful spring that cushions the slide in its rearward travel and then sends the slide forward again with enough force to drive the fresh round firmly into the chamber.
The strength of the recoil spring is calibrated to run the slide without any outside assistance.
A device fitted inside the buttstock of a heavily-recoiling gun or rifle, usually containing mercury and a valve.
As the gun recoils, the mercury is displaced temporarily, increasing the duration, and thus diminishing the
perceived impact of the recoil. The added half-pound of weight doesn't hurt either.
Hidden from view. A handgun is concealed when it is carried in such a manner that is unseen.
An imaginary line which runs right down the center of the handgun's barrel and out though the back end of the gun.
A handgun may have a high bore axis, with the imaginary line running out into space well above the shooter's hand.
Or it may have a low bore axis, with the imaginary line running either straight through the shooter's hand or
just skimming the surface slightly above her hand. A high bore axis tends to create greater perceived recoil
and more muzzle flip when firing the gun than does a low bore axis.
Abbreviation for feet per second. A term used in expressing the velocity of a bullet.
Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993.
The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993 mandates background checks of gun buyers in order to prevent sales to people prohibited under the Gun Control Act of 1968 legislation.
Requires checks to be performed through the FBI's National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS).
Records of who has been checked are not preserved because federal law prohibits the creation of a national registry of gun ownership.
Sales by unlicensed private sellers who are not engaged in gun dealing as a business are not subject to the checks under federal law, though they are required by some states.
Short, interchangeable cylinders, of
subtly different internal tapers, that screw into a threaded recess at the muzzle of a
shotgun. By inserting different choke tubes, one can alter the shot pattern thrown by the
The official US military designation for the Colt .45 semiautomatic pistol adopted by the US in 1911.
The gun was designed by John Moses Browning, and produced by Colt.
During trials, the Browning-Colt design beat out several competing designs, including one from Savage and a .45 caliber version of the German Parabellum ("Luger").
The M1911 saw its first combat in the Philippines and then in World War I.
Early use showed that it could be improved and in 1921 the M1911A1 was introduced, which featured a few changes like a reocontoured frame,
shorter trigger, and a rounded backstrap. The M1911A1 remained the standard US military handgun until it was replaced in the 1980's by the Beretta M9.
However, it remains very popular with civilian shooters in the US, and has been modified extensively to update it to
conform to more modern theories of handgun usage.
A shooting position in which one or both knees are touching the ground, but the shooter is otherwise erect.
The counter bore in the center of the base of a centerfire cartridge casing in which the primer assembly is seated.
A firearms manufacturer located in the city of Ramos Mejia in Argentina. The company was founded in the mid-1950s by Italian immigrants Benso Bonadimani, Ercole Montini and Savino Caselli,
all of them mechanical engineers with experience working for Beretta.
Bersa is most famous for their Bersa Thunder .380 pistols and the Thunder Ultra Compact Pro Pistols (available in 9mm, .40 S&W and .45 acp).
The full size Thunder combat (Thunder 9) pistol is the standard sidearm of the Argentina Armed Forces, Buenos Aires Provincial Police and several other law enforcement agencies in South America.
The company is well known among firearm enthusiasts for producing high quality guns at reasonable prices and it spends little money on advertisement.
Lifetime warranty coverage is provided to the original owners. They are strong and well built, nicely engineered, accurate, visually appealing and very reliable.
A heat-treating process that incorporates carbon into the surface molecular
structure of the steel, providing a hard-wearing surface without making the entire
receiver brittle. The parts to be casehardened are packed in a crucible with
carbon-rich media such as bone meal and charcoal, heated to bright orange, about
1800°F, then quenched in bubbling oil. Also