The Definition of Cock
The term referring to the action of manually drawing the hammer back against its spring until it becomes latched against the sear,
or sometimes the trigger itself, arming the hammer to be released by a subsequent pull of the trigger. Some external hammers, and all internal hammers,
may be cocked simply by pulling the trigger
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A person who can shoot up to the mechanical capability of their weapon.
The size of the pellets in a shotgun shell.
A process of filling gaps between the action and the stock of a rifle with an epoxy based material.
A condition on a shooting range that is completely safe. Any firearms at the range are on the benches, unloaded with open actions and all people have stepped away from the firing line.
The mechanism of some firearms that holds the cartridge in place during the firing process.
It must be moved out of the way to load and unload the gun; this action may be manually performed
by the shooter pulling back on an exterior knob called the bolt handle and then sending it forward again, or the action may be performed
by other moving parts within the firearm. When the user must move the bolt manually, the firearm is called a bolt-action firearm.
A firearm is loaded when a cartridge is in its firing chamber. However, for safety reasons all firearms are always treated as loaded at all times.
A shooting position in which one or both knees are touching the ground, but the shooter is otherwise erect.
An imaginary straight line from the eye through the sights of a firearm to the target.
Not putting your finger on the trigger until your sights are on target, then pulling the trigger smoothly, and following through by realigning the sights before allowing your finger to come off the trigger.
An unexpected delay between the triggering of a firearm and the ignition of the propellant.
This failure was common in firearm actions that relied on open primer pans, due to the poor or inconsistent quality of the powder.
Modern weapons are susceptible, particularly if the ammunition has been stored in an environment outside of the design specifications.
Reloaded ammunition may also be the cause if not reloaded properly
Most firearms do not have literal batteries. But a firearm is said to be in battery when the breech is fully closed and locked,
ready to fire. When the breech is open or unlocked, the gun is out of battery and no attempt should be made to fire it.
A semi-automatic is out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the gun has fired, making it
dangerous or impossible to fire the next round. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs,
the shooter's thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
A felt, paper, cardboard or plastic disk that is used in a shotshell. Also in muzzle loading, a piece of cloth used to seal the bullet in the barrel. It's purpose and function is the same as a shotgun wad.
The Monte Carlo comb came to rifles via shotgun stocks. It
rises well above the ordinary comb line of the stock at the
butt and tapers downward toward the point of the comb. This
raised portion of the stock lifts the face of the shooter and his
or her line of sight well above the standard elevation provided
by the classic style. However, the same amount of drop is
maintained at the buttstock. A shooter with a long neck who
often has trouble getting his or her face down far enough on
the comb of the regular stock benefits from the Monte Carlo
A trigger system designed by Remington Arms Company.
In the Traditional Isosceles
Both arms are stretched almost equally forward with the gun centered forward.
The knees are straight or only slightly flexed, and the entire body is upright and parallel to the target.
This is an acceptable range stance provided recoil control is not an issue and you don't need to make rapid follow-up shots.
However, if you are practicing for self-defense, you will probably want to use the Modern Isosceles stance stance instead.
A craftsman's signature stamp, discretely placed to identify his work.
A musket shortened for cavalry use.
The entire collection of moving parts which work together to fire the gun when the trigger is pulled.
It may include trigger springs, return springs, the trigger itself, the sear, disconnectors, and other parts.
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