The Definition of Chamber
The rear portion of the barrel or firing cylinder in which the cartridge is inserted prior to being fired.
Rifles and pistols generally have a single chamber in their barrels,
while revolvers have multiple chambers in their cylinders and no chamber in their barrel.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A mechanical safety that prevents a gun from firing when it is unintentionally dropped.
The distance the trigger must travel before it reaches the break point and fires the gun.
Unloading a gun and double checking that it is unloaded or fixing a malfunction so that the gun is ready to fire again.
This means a shooter who is right-handed but left-eyed, or left-handed and right-eyed.
In the rifling of a bore, the uncut portions of the barrel's inner surface left after the rifling grooves have been cut into the metal. In other words, the raised portion of rifling.
Also spelled blueing.
A passivation process in which steel is partially protected against rust, and is named after the blue-black appearance of the resulting protective finish.
True gun bluing is an electrochemical conversion coating resulting from an oxidizing chemical reaction with iron on the surface selectively forming magnetite
(Fe3O4), the black oxide of iron, which occupies the same volume as metallic iron. Bluing is most commonly used by gun manufacturers, gunsmiths and gun
owners to improve the cosmetic appearance of, and provide a measure of corrosion resistance to, their firearms.
A semi-automatic firearm whose breechblock and barrel are not mechanically locked together when fired.
In such case the breechblock immediately begins to separate from the barrel upon firing.
Blowback is used in comparatively low powered weapons, in which inertia of the breechblock, and cartridge wall adhesion against the chamber,
are sufficient enough to retard opening until breech gas pressures have fallen to a safe level.
In the Weaver stance,
the body is bladed partly sideways in relation to the target rather than squared towards it (think boxing or martial arts fighter stance).
The elbows are flexed and pointed downward. The strong-side arm is slightly straighter than the weak-side arm.
Even though the legs are not square to tharget, the hips should be square to the target. The feet should be pointed at the target.
The shooter pushes out with the gun hand, while the weak hand pulls back.
This produces a push-pull tension which is the chief defining characteristic of the Weaver stance.
Abbreviation for Concealed Firearms License.
German for a short rifle or carbine.
A bullet shape with a flat nose rather than a rounded one.
A hinged plate covering the bottom of a rifle magazine and extending rearward on either side of the triggerguard.
This design allows it to be more securely fastened for one more imperceptible step towards total reliability.
Generally refers to a .32 calibre or smaller firearm.
A metal jacketed bullet design in which the nose of the core of the bullet is exposed to ensure the expansion of the bullet upon impact.
Often abbreviated "JSP" or "SP." They tend to expand more slowly than a Hollow Point bullet and are used where deeper penetration and expansion are needed.
The tendency of a firearm when fired to move backwards, and a little upwards as a reaction to the force of the projectile moving down the barrel.
As Newton says, to every action there is always an equal and opposite reaction. The mass of the firearm provides some inertia to counteract the momentum of recoil.
What remains is absorbed by at the shoulder or the hand. The heavier the gun, the less the recoil. The more powerful the cartridge, the more the recoil.
The portion of the stock (on a rifle) or frame (on a pistol) gripped by the trigger hand.
A strap, usually of leather or sturdy webbing, fitted to the fore and aft (usually) of a rifle as an aid to carrying over the shoulder and as an aid to holding the rifle steadily while aiming.
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
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