The Definition of Cant
To tilt a gun to one side or the other,
complicating sighting considerably. Can cause material loss of accuracy,
particularly with a rifle at longer ranges. Some better long range target rifles
are equipped with Spirit Level sights
to help control canting.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
An empty ammunition case.
A bullet design featuring a conical extended nose, with a flat point, and a sharp edged shoulder that serves to cut a full diameter hole in the target.
This design also may be found with a hollow point to facilitate expansion. A modified wadcutter bullet design with slightly sloping edges, designed to load smoothly in a semi-automatic pistol.
A firearm designed to fire a single cartridge, eject the empty case and reload the chamber each time the trigger is pulled.
It uses the energy from the fired shot to eject the empty case and feed the next round into the chamber.
A wildcat cartridge that is created by straightening out the sides of an existing case and making a sharper shoulder to maximize powder space.
Frequently the neck length and shoulder position are altered as well. The caliber is NOT changed in the process.
Bull barrels are barrels that are not tapered at all. These very heavy barrels, designed for extreme accuracy, are usually seen on target rifles.
The locking lugs on a break-action firearm that extend from the bottom of the barrels under the chamber(s) and connect into the receiver bottom.
The unalienable right of all of the people, stated in the Second Article of The Bill of Rights, to possess and use personally owned firearms for sport, recreation, personal protection, and the defense of the nation.
A safety which is placed within the gun and is not accessible to the user. Internal safeties are generally designed to prevent unintentional discharges when the gun is dropped or mishandled.
A small metal explosive-filled cup which is placed over the nipple of a percussion firearm. As the cap is struck by the hammer, it explodes and sends a flame through the flashhole in the nipple to the main powder charge.
A plate which covers the butt. Some steel buttplates have trap doors covering a recess for storage of cleaning equipment.
Slang for hearing protection. Applies to either muffs or plugs.
The small dished container located on the side or top of a matchlock, wheel-lock or flintlock forearm used to hold the priming powder charge.
The open end of the barrel from which the projectile exits.
The device that aids the eye in aiming the barrel of a firearm in the proper direction to hit a target.They can be a mechanical, optical,
or electronic device. Iron sights or sometimes as open sights, consist of specially-shaped pieces of metal placed at each end of the barrel.
The sight closest to the muzzle end of the gun is called the front sight,
while the one farthest from the muzzle (and nearest to the shooter) is called the rear sight.
Also known as a Flash Hider. A muzzle attachment intended to reduce visible muzzle flash caused by the burning propellant.
Flash reducers lessen glare as seen by the shooter, but do not hide the flash from other observers to the front or side of the firearm.
A mechanical device to make it easier to fill magazines using less hand strength and without hurting one's fingertips or thumbs.
A device fitted inside the buttstock of a heavily-recoiling gun or rifle, usually containing mercury and a valve. As the gun recoils,
the mercury is displaced temporarily, increasing the duration, and thus diminishing the perceived impact of the recoil.
The added half-pound of weight doesn#39;t hurt either.
The degree to which the barrel(s) of a break-open gun drop down; the size of the opening space,
which should be sufficient to allow for ease of loading, unloading and properly-functioning ejection.
A good gape is easier to achieve on a side-by-side than an over & under where the bottom barrel is well-enclosed by the action body.
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