The Definition of Cannelure
A groove or indention around the circumference of a bullet. Its purpose is to permit the cartridge casing to be
crimped tightly against the bullet shank to hold it firmly to the casing. A groove or indention around the
circumference of a bullet. Its purpose is to permit the cartridge casing to be crimped tightly against the
bullet shank to hold it firmly to the casing.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A tip for a cleaning rod, a jag, with spirally-radial wires for vigorously scrubbing a gun's bore.
The relationship between a bullet's weight and its diameter. A long bullet, such as the original 7.62x54R
loading for the Mosin Nagant 91/30, will have a high sectional density and consequently greater
penetration than a shorter bullet of similar construction. A shorter bullet with less sectional
density will have relatively less penetration, but greater knockdown power.
A condition on a shooting range that is completely safe. Any firearms at the range are on the benches, unloaded with open actions and all people have stepped away from the firing line.
A firearms manufacturer started by Samuel Colt in 1855. Colt is most famous for the revolvers they invented and built in the 1800's and
the semi-automatic pistol model 1911 designed by John Moses Browning, and for being the first manufacturer of the AR-15 type rifles.
The small dished container located on the side or top of a matchlock, wheel-lock or flintlock forearm used to hold the priming powder charge.
The Soviet Union's standard military and police side arm from 1951 to 1991 replacing the Tokarev TT-33 semi-automatic pistol and the Nagant M1895 revolver.
Designed by Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov, it is a blowback operated semiautomatic pistol which fires the 9x18mm Makarov cartridge, and holds 8 rounds in the magazine.
A device used to determine the range to a target. Many range finders work by bouncing a laser beam off the target or
nearby object and measuring the time for the reflection to arrive back at the instrument.
It is also possible to use various passive optical devices such as a mil-dot telescopic sight.
Most firearms do not have literal batteries. But a firearm is said to be in battery when the breech is fully closed and locked,
ready to fire. When the breech is open or unlocked, the gun is out of battery and no attempt should be made to fire it.
A semi-automatic is out of battery when the slide fails to come all the way forward again after the gun has fired, making it
dangerous or impossible to fire the next round. This condition can be created by a misfeed, a dirty gun, weak springs,
the shooter's thumbs brushing against the slide, riding the slide, or any of several other causes.
The rear end of a rifle or shotgun. (The portion that rests against the shoulder.)
The correct technical term for the ability of a projectile to incapacitate an animal or human shot with a firearm. Incorrectly called Stopping Power.
Front sight hood.
A hollow cylinder fitted to a rifle's front sight ramp, both to protect the delicate front sight bead from impact,
and to shade it from oblique sunlight which could have the effect of altering the sight's apparent position.
An offset of a gun stock to the right, so
that the line of sight aligns comfortably with the right eye while the butt of the stock
rests comfortably on the right shoulder. Almost all right-handed shooters benefit from a
little castoff and most custom built guns are made this way. The only question is how
much. The castoff of a gun is about right when, with the gun comfortably mounted, the
front bead lines up with the center of the standing breech.
A stock offset to the left, for shooting from the left shoulder is said to be
A long strip of leather, plastic, or nylon which is fastened at the fore and rear of the gun for the easy carry of long guns.
The "packaged" components that are needed in order to fire in a case or shell holding a primer,
(which produces the spark) a charge of propellant (gunpowder) and a projectile (bullets, slug or pellets.)
Sometimes called "fixed ammunition" to differentiate from the individual components placed separately in muzzleloaders.
A single unit of ammunition in modern firearms is called a cartridge. The units of measure for quantity of ammunition is rounds.
There are hundreds of sizes of ammunition, examples include .223 Remington, 9mm Luger, 30.06, .308 Winchester,
.300 Winchester Magnum, and .50 Browning Machine Gun (BMG). The ammunition used must match the firearm.
From the Latin for "more."
A term indicating a relatively heavily loaded metallic cartridge or shotshell and a gun safely constructed to fire it.
It generally indicates a round which cannot be interchanged with other loadings of the same caliber (for example, a .22 Magnum shell does not fit within a firearm designed to fire .22 Long Rifle ammunition).
A popular term for a short barreled repeating shotgun as frequently used in law enforcement and personal protection.
A firearms manufacturer located in the city of Ramos Mejia in Argentina. The company was founded in the mid-1950s by Italian immigrants Benso Bonadimani, Ercole Montini and Savino Caselli,
all of them mechanical engineers with experience working for Beretta.
Bersa is most famous for their Bersa Thunder .380 pistols and the Thunder Ultra Compact Pro Pistols (available in 9mm, .40 S&W and .45 acp).
The full size Thunder combat (Thunder 9) pistol is the standard sidearm of the Argentina Armed Forces, Buenos Aires Provincial Police and several other law enforcement agencies in South America.
The company is well known among firearm enthusiasts for producing high quality guns at reasonable prices and it spends little money on advertisement.
Lifetime warranty coverage is provided to the original owners. They are strong and well built, nicely engineered, accurate, visually appealing and very reliable.
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