The Definition of Bullet
The single projectile expelled from a gun. It is not the same as a cartridge, the cartridge is complete package,
which includes the case, primer, powder, and bullet, which is called or a round. Bullets can be of many materials, shapes,
weights and constructions such as solid lead, lead with a jacket of harder metal, round-nosed, flat-nosed, hollow-pointed, etc.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A method of building a pair of barrels where the entire breech end of both barrels and the lumps together are machined
from one solid piece of steel. The barrel tubes are then fitted separately into this monoblock and the ribs attached.
Often identifiable by a distinctive ring around the barrels about three inches in front of the breech end.
The favored jointing method of the Beretta company. An incorrect euphemism for sleeved barrels.
Slang for eye protection. Referes to either goggles or safety glasses
Originally used to describe the spherical projectile used in black powder firearms,
now also used to refer to a fully jacketed bullet of cylindrical profile capped with a round nose
An optical sight, offering some magnification, often variable, with some kind of adjustable aiming grid inside (a reticle),
which when mounted on a firearm, usually a rifle, makes sighting easier.
A common type of iron sights in which the rear sight is an open-topped U or a V or a square-notch shape and with a
blade type front sight, in contrast to the closed circle commonly found in aperture sights.
Markings impressed into the base of a cartridge case, normally identifying the maker's name, the cartridge calibre designation, and sometimes the date.
A firing pin which moves freely forward and backward in the breechblock.
The hinged cover over the opening through which cartridges are inserted into the magazine.
In the rifling of a bore, the uncut portions of the barrel's inner surface left after the rifling grooves have been cut into the metal. In other words, the raised portion of rifling.
A bullet designed to expand on impact, increasing in diameter to limit penetration and/or produce a larger diameter wound.
The two typical designs are the hollow point bullet and the soft point bullet. Expanding bullets were given the name Dum-dum, or dumdum,
after an early British example produced in the Dum Dum Arsenal, near Calcutta, India by Captain Neville Bertie-Clay in the the mid-1870s.
Modern sef-defensive, JHP (Jacketed Hollow Point), ammunition are based on the original dum-dum ammunition design and principles.
The portion of the receiver which is threaded so the barrel can be attached to it.
A short stock, often ideally sized for teenagers, average-sized adult women, and small-statured adult males.
A military person designated as a special marksman who is used to shoot designated targets of opportunity at long range.
A rapidly burning powder made by absorbing nitroglycerine into nitrocellulose (guncotton).
A firing mode enabling the shooter to fire a predetermined number of rounds with a single pull of the trigger.
A bullet shape with a flat nose rather than a rounded one.
A mechanical device that protrudes from the gun when a round is in position ready to be fired, giving a visual and tactile indication that the gun is loaded.
A small hole in the barrel of a gas-operated firearm through which expanding gases escape to power the autoloading system.
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