The Definition of Browning
John Moses Browning was born in Ogden, Utah on January 23, 1855, and was an American
firearms designer who developed many varieties of military and civilian firearms, cartridges, and gun mechanisms,
many of which are still in use around the world.
Almost all of his design concepts can be found in some form or another in every modern automatic and semi-automatic firearm.
He is regarded as one of the most successful firearms designers of the 20th century,
in the development of modern automatic and semi-automatic firearms, and is credited with 128 gun patents.
He made his first firearm at age 13 in his father's gun shop, and was awarded his first patent on October 7, 1879 at the age of 24.
The Browning Arms Company was founded in 1878 by John Moses Browning and his brother Matthew Sandifer Browning. The company was founded to market the sporting (non-military) designs of John Moses Browning.
The company still exists today mostly manufacturing world class shotguns.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A military person designated as a special marksman who is used to shoot designated targets of opportunity at long range.
A semi-automatic firearm malfunction in which the extractor fails to move the empty case out of the way as the slide travels back. A failure to extract often causes double-feed malfunction.
Hearing protection that fits inside the ear canal.
A display of gunmaking skill with a possible benefit of strengthening the wrist of a heavily-recoiling rifle,
whereby the top tang of the action is made extra long, shaped and inletted into the top of the buttstock,
extending along the top of the wrist and up over the comb.
Popularized by Holland & Holland and adopted by several of the finest contemporary riflemakers in the USA.
Abbreviation for Double Action Only. Is a type of firearm in which the firing mechanism cannot be cocked in a single-action stage. Firing always occurs as a double-action sequence where pulling the trigger both cocks and then fires the gun.
A passive, external safety typically located on the backstrap, which must be fully depressed to release the trigger. Most 1911-pattern pistols feature a grip safety.
A spring-loaded hinged front trigger on a dual trigger side by side or over under shotgun, built to cushion its impact on one's trigger finger as the gun recoils when the rear trigger is pulled.
A popular term for a short barreled repeating shotgun as frequently used in law enforcement and personal protection.
An action type that when the trigger of a gun is pulled, the gun gets cocked and the hammer (or striker) is dropped.
This applies to both revolvers and semi-automatic guns.
On a double action revolver, when the trigger is pulled, the hammer is cocked before releasing.
With a double-action semi-automatic pistol, the hammer does not have to be manually cocked (via actually pulling back the trigger or tracking the slide), the hammer (or striker) will be cocked while the trigger is being pulled.
A firearm that only the hammer drops when the trigger is pulled is a single action gun.
Usually a telescopic firearm sight.
A firing mode enabling the shooter to fire a predetermined number of rounds with a single pull of the trigger.
The degree to which the barrel(s) of a break-open gun drop down; the size of the opening space,
which should be sufficient to allow for ease of loading, unloading and properly-functioning ejection.
A good gape is easier to achieve on a side-by-side than an over & under where the bottom barrel is well-enclosed by the action body.
A rib extension on a break-open gun, ending in a circular or semi-circular shape in plan (resembling the head of a doll),
mating into a similarly-shaped recess in the top of the receiver, designed to resist the tendency of
the barrels to pull away from the standing breech when firing.
Because an action's centerpoint of flexing when firing is at the base of the standing breech, not at the hingepin, a passive doll's
head extension makes an effective extra fastener, even without additional mechanical locks operated by the opening lever.
In a shotgun barrel, A tapered area a few inches from the breech end, providing a transition between the chamber
(approximately the diameter of the outside of a shotgun shell) to the bore proper (approximately the diameter of the inside of a shotgun shell).
The forcing cone provides the transition between the exterior and the interior diameters of the cartridge.
Older shotguns usually have more abrupt forcing cones suitable for then-current thick-walled paper shells with fibre wads.
Newer shotguns usually have more gradual, longer forcing cones suitable for thinner modern plastic shells with obturating plastic shot-cup wads.
A shotgun pattern with erratic shot distribution, generally caused by gas escaping past the wads and getting into the shot.
Abbreviation for Caliber.
A internal locking device built into a firearm, usually operated with a key, to render it unable to be fired. A good example of a internal trigger lock are the ones found on the
semi-automatic pistols manufactured by Bersa.