The Definition of Bolt Action
A type of firearm action in which the guns's bolt is operated manually by the opening and closing of the breech (barrel) with a small handle.
As the handle is operated, the bolt is unlocked, the breech is opened, the spent shell casing is withdrawn and ejected,
the firing pin is cocked, and finally a new round/shell (if available) is placed into the breech and the bolt closed.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Oregon Firearms Federation. OFF is a Pro-Gun rights group based in Oregon and was founded in 1998.
A bullet or shot in flight after discharge from a firearm.
A slang term for a shotgun.
A long gun stock that may be doubled over for conveniently compact storage.
A firing mode enabling the shooter to fire a predetermined number of rounds with a single pull of the trigger.
Two shots fired very quickly with the use of the sights.
As in Trapdoor buttplate or Trapdoor Pistol Grip Cap, one of these articles of furniture including a hinged plate,
covering a small compartment below in which may be stored several extra cartridges, sight bits, extra springs or pins, cleaning rod, etc.
The entire process of making the trigger complete its journey past the trigger break.
Single shot pistols, of a design originating in England, in vogue circa 1770 - 1850, built necessarily in pairs, either of flintlock or percussion ignition,
usually finely made and cased together with loading accessories. Dueling pistols tended to be lighter and sleeker than their contemporary service pistols.
They tended to have smoothbore (or sometimes secret, scratch-rifling), octagon (or octagon-to-round) barrels around nine or ten inches long of some form of damascus steel,
bores just over a half-inch, ramrods, rudimentary sights front and rear, single-set triggers, roller-bearing frizzens and curved grips integral with full or half-stocks.
They were usually of high quality construction, sometimes with silver furniture, but normally of relatively plain decoration.
An early system of ignition for muzzle-loading firearms where a priming charge is loaded into a flashpan with a separate,
manually-operated cover. To fire, the cover is opened and then a slowly smoldering wick, held in the nose of the curved arm,
is lowered by means of a lever (precursor to a trigger) to ignite a priming charge which then ignites
the main propellant charge inside the barrel.
The size of the pellets in a shotgun shell.
A rifle or shotgun stock that has a Monte Carlo style comb
The propellant powder used in modern ammunition. It is not an explosive, but rather a flammable solid that burns extremely rapidly releasing a
large volume of gas. Commonly called "gunpowder" and usually made from nitrocellulose, or nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin.
It is classified as a "Flammable Solid" by the Department of Transportation.
A type of backstop that catches the fired bullet and prevents it from exiting the area. Bullet traps are most commonly used on indoor ranges.
More commonly known as WSM, it is a family of centerfire cartridges designed by Winchester Repeating Arms Company
Barrel tubes built up by twisting alternate strips of iron and steel around a fixed rod (mandrel) and forge-welding them together in varying combinations
according to the intended quality and the skill of the maker. The rod was withdrawn, the interior reamed and the exterior filed until the finished tube was achieved.
Damascus barrels may be recognized by any of a variety of twist or spiral patterns visible in the surface of the steel.
Before the 20th century, barrels were typically built in this manner because gunmakers did not have the technology to drill
a deep hole the full length of a bar of steel without coming out the side.
The top of a gun's stock, where a shooter rests his cheek when mounting a gun.
As it is the top of the stock that determines the position of
one's eye, and one's eye is the rear sight on a shotgun, the position of the comb
is very important in determining the proper fit of a shotgun.