The Definition of Ballistics
The science of cartridge discharge and the bullet's flight. Internal ballistics deals with what happens inside of a firearm upon discharge.
External ballistics is the study of a projectile's flight, and terminal ballistics is the study of the impact of a projectile.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The assembly consisting of a bullet, gunpowder, shell casing, and primer.
Cartridges also include shotgun shells and black powder packets used in muzzle loading guns.
A slang term for a small inexpensive handgun. Saturday night specials have been defined as compact, inexpensive,
small-caliber handguns with perceived low quality; however, there is no official definition of "Saturday night special" under federal law,
though some states define "Saturday night specials" or "junk guns" by means of composition or materials strength.
Low cost and high availability make these weapons attractive to many buyers despite their shortcomings.
The abbreviation for Automatic Colt Pistol.
It is commonly used to designate specific calibers, particularly those which were originally designed by John Moses Browning for the
Colt Firearms Company which are a type of rimless pistol cartridge designed mainly for use in semi-automatic pistols.
The most common ACP calibers are .25 ACP, .32 ACP, .380 ACP and .45 ACP.
Smith & Wesson term for a revolver grip design introduced in the 1930s where the top of the grip extends higher than it had in earlier configurations, to provide a more comfortable hold.
An inclined, polished area on a repeating firearm, just behind the chamber, that helps guide a cartridge into the chamber when pushed forward by the closing bolt or slide.
The official US military designation for the Colt .45 semiautomatic pistol adopted by the US in 1911.
The gun was designed by John Moses Browning, and produced by Colt.
During trials, the Browning-Colt design beat out several competing designs, including one from Savage and a .45 caliber version of the German Parabellum ("Luger").
The M1911 saw its first combat in the Philippines and then in World War I.
Early use showed that it could be improved and in 1921 the M1911A1 was introduced, which featured a few changes like a reocontoured frame,
shorter trigger, and a rounded backstrap. The M1911A1 remained the standard US military handgun until it was replaced in the 1980's by the Beretta M9.
However, it remains very popular with civilian shooters in the US, and has been modified extensively to update it to
conform to more modern theories of handgun usage.
A metal jacketed bullet design in which the nose of the core of the bullet is exposed to ensure the expansion of the bullet upon impact.
Often abbreviated "JSP" or "SP." They tend to expand more slowly than a Hollow Point bullet and are used where deeper penetration and expansion are needed.
A bolt action which is locked by pressing the bolt handle in and down, thereby turning its locking lugs into the receiver.
A musket shortened for cavalry use.
The edge on the base of a cartridge case which stops the progress of the case into the chamber.
A black powder muzzleloading firearm action which relies upon a serpentine or S-shaped piece of metal to hold a smoldering match.
By pressing the lower end of the serpentine,
the upper end holding the burning match contacts the priming powder in the pan.
The top of a gun's stock, where a shooter rests his cheek when mounting a gun.
As it is the top of the stock that determines the position of
one's eye, and one's eye is the rear sight on a shotgun, the position of the comb
is very important in determining the proper fit of a shotgun.
Helical grooves in the barrel of a gun or firearm, which imparts a spin to a projectile around its long axis.
This spin serves to gyroscopically stabilize the projectile, improving its aerodynamic stability and accuracy.
Recoil operation is an operating mechanism used in locked-breech, autoloading firearms. As the name implies, these actions use the force of recoil to provide energy to cycle the action.
Sometimes spelled Bi-Pod.
A support device that is similar to a tripod or monopod, but with two legs. On firearms, bipods are commonly used on rifles to provide a forward rest and reduce motion.
The bipod permits the operator to rest the weapon on the ground, a low wall, or other object, reducing operator fatigue and permitting increased accuracy.
A type of firearm which, utilizing some of the recoil or some of the expanding-gas energy from the firing cartridge,
cycles the action to eject the spent shell, to chamber a fresh one from a magazine, to cock the mainspring and to fire again.
Such a firearm will fire continuously as long as the trigger is held back, until the magazine is empty. A machine gun.
A firearm thus activated, but which shoots only one bullet with each separate pull of the trigger,
while often erroneously referred to as "automatic" is properly termed Semi-Automatic.