The Definition of Assault Rifle
Assault Rifles and Assault Weapons do not exist. The terms Assault Rifle and Assault Weapon are made up terms by the anti-gun lobby to describe
black rifles with forward grips that you might see in the movies like an AR-15 or an AK-47.
Assault Rifles do not exist because a gun cannot assault anything, they are machines that need to be operated by a person.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A unit of measure traditionally used for black powder shotgun charges. Today, used for smokeless powders on the basis of the new propellant's
equivalent performance to that weight of black powder. Thus, a shotgun shell marked 3 - 1 1/8
would be loaded with the smokeless powder equivalent of 3 drams of black powder, and with 1 ounce of shot. 1 Dram = 1/16 ounce = 437.5 grains.
A type of firearm action in which the guns's bolt is operated manually by the opening and closing of the breech (barrel) with a small handle.
As the handle is operated, the bolt is unlocked, the breech is opened, the spent shell casing is withdrawn and ejected,
the firing pin is cocked, and finally a new round/shell (if available) is placed into the breech and the bolt closed.
A gun, typically artillery, with four barrels, such as the ZPU
Racking the slide incorrectly by allowing your hand to rest upon the slide as it moves forward during the loading procedure. Riding the slide is a common cause of misfeeds and other malfunctions.
The action of an external hammer pinching or poking the web of the operator's
shooting hand between the thumb and fore-finger when the gun is fired.
Attribute of a break-open gun whereby the barrels drop down simply by pressing the toplever without muscling them
open manually. The Holland & Holland system utilizes a coil spring within a cylindrical housing mounted just ahead of the forward lump to urge the barrels open.
The Purdey system utilizes residual energy remaining in the mainspring after the gun has been fired.
Both systems enable a shooter to load more quickly when birds are coming fast.
More commonly known as WSM, it is a family of centerfire cartridges designed by Winchester Repeating Arms Company
Sometimes also known as a
slide release or
On a semi-autmatic gun, the lever or catch that holds the slide open (after the last round is fired or when racking an empty gun).
Typically they are located on the left side of the frame about mide barrel. Some of the newer semi-automatic pistols have an
internal slide lock. Even though on pistols with an external slide catch, you can push down on the lever to release the slide,
it should never be used in such a manner. The proper way to release the slide is to rack the slide.
An inert ammunition-shaped object, used in practice to simulate misfeeds and other malfunctions. Some folks also use them during dry fire practice to cushion the firing pin as it strikes.
Same as Follower. A plate, mounted to the top of a spring, inside a magazine, over which cartridges may slide smoothly as they are guided into the chamber of a repeating firearm.
A mark within a border, typically
stamped into the wood, especially of an American military rifle. It shows the
initials of the name of the accepting inspector and often, the date he accepted
the firearm into service.
A small piece of leather or cloth. A patch can refer to the wadding used in loading a muzzle loading firearms or the piece of cloth used to clean a firearm bore.
A style of rear sight, typically used on rifles for either slow-moving bullets or for long ranges, whereby a ladder may be raised from
flush with the barrel to a vertical position, and which incorporates a sliding crossbar which may be moved vertically in order to achieve significant elevation.
The NRA teaches the Three Basic Rules of Safe Gun Handling.
There are additional rules, but these are the three that if any two are followed, nobody will be hurt. However, obviously, all three should
always be followed.
Rule One: ALWAYS keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
The NRA established these three rules in 1871. They were created to be easy to understand and remember,
ensuring the highest possible level of firearm safety.
Rule Two: ALWAYS keep your finger off the trigger until ready to shoot.
Rule Three: ALWAYS keep the gun unloaded until ready to use.
See also The Four Rules
The locking lugs on a break-action firearm that extend from the bottom of the barrels under the chamber(s) and connect into the receiver bottom.
Expanding the neck of an existing cartridge to make it use a bullet of a different caliber. A typical process used in the creation of wildcat cartridges.
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