The Definition of Ammunition
The "packaged" components that are needed in order to fire in a case or shell holding a primer,
(which produces the spark) a charge of propellant (gunpowder) and a projectile (bullets, slug or pellets.)
Sometimes called "fixed ammunition" to differentiate from the individual components placed separately in muzzleloaders.
A single unit of ammunition in modern firearms is called a cartridge. The units of measure for quantity of ammunition is rounds.
There are hundreds of sizes of ammunition, examples include .223 Remington, 9mm Luger, 30.06, .308 Winchester,
.300 Winchester Magnum, and .50 Browning Machine Gun (BMG). The ammunition used must match the firearm.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
Usually only found on black powder muzzle loading rifles and pistols,
pulling the rear (set) trigger converts the front (main) trigger to a light, hair trigger
(too light and sensitive to be carried safely in the field). While the front trigger is always at the ready,
if one has the time, using the set trigger feature may allow for a more accurate long-distance shot.
Operates using its own miniature firing mechanism (sear, spring and hammer) when cocked,
to multiply the force of a pull on the main trigger.
Abbreviation for Center Of Mass.
The original small single-shot or multi-barreled pocket pistol designed and manufactured by Henry Deringer of Philadelphia.
Derringers (spelled with two Rs) are called that because of the original desinger and anmufactuturer of that
type of gun, Henry Deringer. To get around copyright infringment other designers and manufacturers spell the name with two Rs.
However guns designed and built by Deringer are spelled with only one R
A firearm that has had numerous careful machining cuts
taken in its exterior with a view to exposing and demonstrating the functioning
of critical parts of its mechanism
The arc described by a projectile (or a load of shot) after it exits the muzzle of a firearm. Falling objects accelerate downwards at a rate of 32 feet per second, per second.
The faster a projectile travels, the greater the distance it can cover in a given time before dropping too far. Hence, the higher the velocity of a bullet, the flatter the trajectory it will achieve.
Pulling the slide back to its rearmost position, and then letting it go forward under its own spring tension.
Racking the slide loads the chamber and prepares the gun to fire in a semi-automatic handgun.
A constriction at or near the muzzle of a shotgun barrel that affects shot dispersion.
Oregon Firearms Federation. OFF is a Pro-Gun rights group based in Oregon and was founded in 1998.
A malfunction which locks up the gun so badly that tools are required in order to fix it. Sometimes used to denote a simple malfunction,
but many people make a distinction between a complete jam and a simple malfunction.
Fouling of a firearm bore by metal particles from bullets adhering to the metal surface caused by heat or friction.
Small spherical projectiles loaded in shotshells and more often called "shot."
The Soviet Union's standard military and police side arm from 1951 to 1991 replacing the Tokarev TT-33 semi-automatic pistol and the Nagant M1895 revolver.
Designed by Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov, it is a blowback operated semiautomatic pistol which fires the 9x18mm Makarov cartridge, and holds 8 rounds in the magazine.
A machine gun that is designed to be carried and opperated by a single person.
A metal jacketed bullet design in which the nose of the core of the bullet is exposed to ensure the expansion of the bullet upon impact.
Often abbreviated "JSP" or "SP." They tend to expand more slowly than a Hollow Point bullet and are used where deeper penetration and expansion are needed.
The wearing of the portion of the barrel where the gas pressure and heat is highest as the projectile leaves the chamber.
The greater the chamber pressure the more rapid throat erosion occurs which is compounded by rapid firing which heats and weakens the steel.
A type of reflector (reflex) sight for firearms that gives the uses a red light-emitting diode as a reticle to create an aimpoint.
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