The Definition of Ammunition
The "packaged" components that are needed in order to fire in a case or shell holding a primer,
(which produces the spark) a charge of propellant (gunpowder) and a projectile (bullets, slug or pellets.)
Sometimes called "fixed ammunition" to differentiate from the individual components placed separately in muzzleloaders.
A single unit of ammunition in modern firearms is called a cartridge. The units of measure for quantity of ammunition is rounds.
There are hundreds of sizes of ammunition, examples include .223 Remington, 9mm Luger, 30.06, .308 Winchester,
.300 Winchester Magnum, and .50 Browning Machine Gun (BMG). The ammunition used must match the firearm.
19 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The portion of the receiver which is threaded so the barrel can be attached to it.
Barrel tubes built up by twisting alternate strips of iron and steel around a fixed rod (mandrel) and forge-welding them together in varying combinations
according to the intended quality and the skill of the maker. The rod was withdrawn, the interior reamed and the exterior filed until the finished tube was achieved.
Damascus barrels may be recognized by any of a variety of twist or spiral patterns visible in the surface of the steel.
Before the 20th century, barrels were typically built in this manner because gunmakers did not have the technology to drill
a deep hole the full length of a bar of steel without coming out the side.
A spring-activated mechanism for the ejection of ammunition or and empty shell casing. On doubles, each barrel has a separate ejector.
Although a misused term (even within the firearms industry), Long Colt is a designation for an ammunition cartrige developed by Colt mainly used for revolvers. The actual designation is Colt instead of Long Colt.
The term Long Colt was originally coined to avoid confusion between the .45 Colt and .45 ACP cartridges
The recoil spring is the powerful spring that cushions the slide in its rearward travel and then sends the slide forward again with enough force to drive the fresh round firmly into the chamber.
The strength of the recoil spring is calibrated to run the slide without any outside assistance.
A shotgun, generally stocked to shoot where it is pointed and of relatively light weight because one often carries it a great distance for upland birds,
the consequent recoil not being an important factor because one actually shoots it very little.
A state of readiness of a firearm. The hammer (or similar mechanism if there is no hammer) only needs to be released by the trigger to cause the gun to fire.
A specialized firearm used underwater that is fired when in direct contact with the target.
A short, lightweight rifle. Some are small enough for a young child to easily handle, while others are large enough to perfectly suit teenagers, average-sized adult women, and small-statured adult males.
A cable with a padlock at the end. It is threaded through the action of the firearm rendering the gun safe and useless until the lock is removed.
Any type of accessory that can be attached to a firearm's rail.
A shotgun with two barrels which are situated next to each other. Somtimes also abreviated as SxS.
The open end of the barrel from which the projectile exits.
A double-action semi-automatic firearm which is designed to have a much lighter trigger pull than is usual for a double action.
The face of the action of a break-open firearm which houses the firing pins and receives the direct recoil of the fired round.
A semi-automatic pistol in which the barrel and breechblock are locked together for only a short distance of rearward recoil travel,
at which point the two are uncoupled, the barrel is stopped and the breechblock continues rearward, extracting the spent casing from the chamber.
Upon returning forward, the breechblock chambers a fresh round and forces the barrel back into its forward position.
Most modern recoil operated semi-automatic pistols use short recoil.
A type of firearms magazine that is cylindrical in shape, similar to a drum.
Probably the most recognizable drum magazine is the magazine for a Thompson carbine rifle, also known as the Tommy Gun.
A small lever mounted to the cocking piece of a Mauser 98 action (and its copies such as the Springfield 1903),
rotating on a longitudinal axis from left (Fire), up to the top (Safe, but allowing bolt movement), and over to
the right (Bolt and firing pin locked Safe). While commendable for locking the firing pin instead of just the trigger,
its up-and-over arc of operation requires a scope to be mounted awkwardly high.
Paul Mauser is not to be blamed; when his safety was developed, telescopic sights were in such infancy as not to be worthy of mainstream consideration.
A phenomenon which is often grouped with hammer bite. In this case the web of the shooting hand is cut or abraded by
the rearward motion of the semi-automatic pistol's slide, not by the gun's hammer.
This most often occurs with small pistols like the Walther PPK and Walther TPH that have an abbreviated grip tang.
This problem is exacerbated by the sharp machining found on many firearms.