Letter Z Firearms Glossary
A firearm is said to be "zeroed in" when its sights have been adjusted so that the bullet will hit the center of the target
when the sights are properly aligned upon the center of the target. The farthest distance from a firearm at which the bullet's path and the point of aim coincide.
This term is also used to mean the process of insuring that the sights of a firearm are properly aligned so that where they
indicate the bullet will strike is in fact where it strikes.
The act of setting up a telescopic or other sighting system so that the point of impact of a bullet matches the sights at a specified distance.
18 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A device fitted inside the buttstock of a heavily-recoiling gun or rifle, usually containing mercury and a valve. As the gun recoils,
the mercury is displaced temporarily, increasing the duration, and thus diminishing the perceived impact of the recoil.
The added half-pound of weight doesn#39;t hurt either.
The power of a projectile or a load of shot at the point that it exits the muzzle of a firearm, normally expressed in foot-pounds.
Two shots fired very quickly with the use of the sights.
The part of the gun that strikes either the firing pin or the round directly when the trigger is pulled then detonates the primer of the load and discharges the gun. Hammers may be external or internal. On a striker fired gun (a gun without a physical hammer) the firing pin is considered the hammer since it releases directly when the trigger is pulled.
The frame designation that Smith and Wesson uses for their extra large framed revolvers like the S&W Model 500 and S&W 460XVR
Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993.
The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act of 1993 mandates background checks of gun buyers in order to prevent sales to people prohibited under the Gun Control Act of 1968 legislation.
Requires checks to be performed through the FBI's National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS).
Records of who has been checked are not preserved because federal law prohibits the creation of a national registry of gun ownership.
Sales by unlicensed private sellers who are not engaged in gun dealing as a business are not subject to the checks under federal law, though they are required by some states.
How the shooter positions her body while shooting. The three most widely used handgun stances are
A rifle projectile made with the tip of the bullet open as a means of increasing accuracy as
compared to standard military bullets that are made with a closed tip and an open base.
The are not designed to expand like a hollow point bullet but may fragment.
A set of holes in a target left by a succession of bullets fired from the same rifle or handgun,
using the same ammunition and sight setting. Fired (within the limits of one's marksmanship ability)
to determine the inherent accuracy of the rifle/ammunition combination,
and to aid in the proper adjustment of the sights.
Gun Control Act of 1968.
It is a U.S. federal law that regulates the firearms industry and firearms owners. It primarily focuses on regulating interstate commerce in firearms by
generally prohibiting interstate firearms transfers except among licensed manufacturers, dealers and importers.
It also prohibits all convicted felons, drug users and the mentally ill from buying guns amd raised the age to purchase handguns from a federally licensed dealer to 21.
The speed of a projectile or a load of shot at the point that it exits the muzzle of a firearm, normally expressed feet per second.
A bullet that is designed to disintegrate into tiny particles upon impact to minimize their penetration for reasons of range safety,
to limit environmental impact, or to limit the danger behind the intended target. Examples are the Glaser Safety Slug and the breaching round.
Head [of a Stock]. The forward end of a buttstock, where it meets the receiver and accepts the bulk of the gun's recoil when fired.
A type of shotgun ammunition which uses very small pellets with individual projectiles of less than .24" in diameter
designed to be discharged in quantity from the shotgun. The size of the shot is given as a number or letter--
with the larger number the smaller the shot size. It is so named because it is most often used for hunting birds.
The finest size generally used is #9 which is approximately .08" in diameter and the largest common size is #2 which is approximately .15"
A handgun or rifle shooting sport in which the competitors attempt to knock over metallic game-shaped targets at various ranges.
A firearm is a portable gun (pistol or rifle), being a barreled weapon that launches one or more projectiles often driven by the action of an explosive force.
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