Letter V Firearms Glossary
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
It is an act of Congress dealing with crime and law enforcement that became law in 1994.
Of the sections of the bill, it included the Federal Assault Weapons Ban.
The speed at which a projectile travels. Velocity is usually measured in feet per second or metres per second.
17 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
A type of internal hammer side by side shotgun boxlock action.
It was patented in 1875 and is the essence of simplicity utilizing only two springs and three moving parts (per barrel).
One of the most successful action designs ever, and still produced to this day by most SxS shotgun manufacturers.
The distance from the front trigger of a shotgun to the centre of the butt.
The locking lugs on a break-action firearm that extend from the bottom of the barrels under the chamber(s) and connect into the receiver bottom.
A firearm that automatically loads the next cartridge to be fired into the chamber either upon the pull of the trigger in an open bolt design or upon the firing of the previous round in a close bolt design.
Autoloader should not be confused with Automatic or Semi-Automatic since the term Autoloader only applies to how the next round is chambered not
how many rounds can be fired per trigger pull.
All Automatic and Semi-Automatic firearms are autoloaders. Revolvers, bolt action, lever action and pump action firearms are not autoloaders.
A shotgun pattern with erratic shot distribution, generally caused by gas escaping past the wads and getting into the shot.
Sometimes spelled Bi-Pod.
A support device that is similar to a tripod or monopod, but with two legs. On firearms, bipods are commonly used on rifles to provide a forward rest and reduce motion.
The bipod permits the operator to rest the weapon on the ground, a low wall, or other object, reducing operator fatigue and permitting increased accuracy.
An extra-deep magazine typical of large calibre rifles for dangerous game. The line of the underside of the wrist does not carry straight forward as with ordinary rifles.
Rather the rear of the magazine aligns more towards the center of the forward edge of the triggerguard,
typically allowing at least one extra cartridge to be carried.
A shotgun with two barrels which are situated next to each other. Somtimes also abreviated as SxS.
A screw with about half of its threading removed in longitudinal sections. Often used at the breech end of a
takedown firearm's barrel. When the barrel's interrupted female threads are inserted into the receiver's
complementary interrupted male threads, only a partial rotation is necessary for assembly rather than many full turns.
A hollow, piece of metal (or plastic in the case of a shotgun shell) that is closed on one end except for a small hole which holds a primer.
The open end holds the bullet. The hollow portion holds the powder.
Together the assembled unit is called a cartridge.
The cross-shaped object seen in the center of a firearm scope. Its more-proper name is reticle.
Generally refers to a .32 calibre or smaller firearm.
A pair of slender and easily-carried wooden dowels or sticks, which when held, crossed, in the fingers of the left hand while also supporting the forend of a rifle,
usually shooting offhand, provides somewhat enhanced stability for a more accurate shot.
A slang term for a shotgun.
A handgun-style fully automatic or burst-mode firearm.
A machine pistol is not the same thing as a Submachine Gun
An oversized, lightweight housing that allows a sub-calibre projectile to be fired in a larger-diameter bore, usually in the interest of increased velocity.
The sabot falls away from the actual projectile upon exiting the muzzle.
For example, a hunter could use his .30-30 deer rifle to shoot small game with .22 centerfire bullets.
Abbreviation for Cartridge Overall Length.
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