Letter V Firearms Glossary
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
It is an act of Congress dealing with crime and law enforcement that became law in 1994.
Of the sections of the bill, it included the Federal Assault Weapons Ban.
The speed at which a projectile travels. Velocity is usually measured in feet per second or metres per second.
17 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The tapered rear end of a bullet. This design is used to increase ballistic efficiency at long range.
A pair of slender and easily-carried wooden dowels or sticks, which when held, crossed, in the fingers of the left hand while also supporting the forend of a rifle,
usually shooting offhand, provides somewhat enhanced stability for a more accurate shot.
An early system of ignition for muzzle-loading firearms where a priming charge is loaded into a flashpan with a separate,
manually-operated cover. To fire, the cover is opened and then a slowly smoldering wick, held in the nose of the curved arm,
is lowered by means of a lever (precursor to a trigger) to ignite a priming charge which then ignites
the main propellant charge inside the barrel.
A fouling shot is a shot fired through a clean bore, intended to leave some residue of firing and prepare the bore for more consistent performance in subsequent shots.
The first shot through a clean bore will behave differently from subsequent shots through a bore with traces of powder residue, resulting in a different point of impact.
A type of gas operation for a firearm that directs gas from a fired cartridge directly to the bolt carrier or slide assembly to cycle the action.
A trigger system designed by Remington Arms Company.
The unalienable right of all of the people, stated in the Second Article of The Bill of Rights, to possess and use personally owned firearms for sport, recreation, personal protection, and the defense of the nation.
The stock is the wooden, polymer, or metal handle of a long gun that extends from the trigger back to where the gun is braced against the shoulder.
An adjustable stock is one that can be easily lengthened or shortened to fit shooters of different sizes.
An armor-piercing shell must withstand the shock of punching through armor plating. Shells designed for this purpose
have a greatly strengthened case with a specially hardened and shaped nose,
and a much smaller bursting charge.
The science of cartridge discharge and the bullet's flight. Internal ballistics deals with what happens inside of a firearm upon discharge.
External ballistics is the study of a projectile's flight, and terminal ballistics is the study of the impact of a projectile.
Is that combination of caliber, barrel length, bullet weight, and case volume which does not
allow the complete burning of the charge of ballistically correct powder within the volume of case and barrel.
The part of a revolver that holds cartridges in
separate chambers radially around a central hingepin. The cylinder revolves as
the handgun is cocked, , either to the left or to the right depending on the gun maker's design,
bringing each successive cartridge into position, and
locked into alignment with the barrel for firing.
A shooting position in which one or both knees are touching the ground and the shooter is as low as possible.
A machine gun that is designed to be carried and opperated by a single person.
An oversized, lightweight housing that allows a sub-calibre projectile to be fired in a larger-diameter bore, usually in the interest of increased velocity.
The sabot falls away from the actual projectile upon exiting the muzzle.
For example, a hunter could use his .30-30 deer rifle to shoot small game with .22 centerfire bullets.
Openings at the muzzle end of the gun through which some of the spent gases can escape.
Porting reduces perceived recoil and lessens muzzle rise but increases the noise and flash.
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