Letter V Firearms Glossary
Usually a rifle, but not always.
A small-caliber firearm or high-powered air gun primarily used for hunting
non-native or non-game animals such as rats, squirrels, gophers, jackrabbits, marmots, groundhogs, porcupine, opossum, coyote, skunks, weasels,
and other animals considered to be nuisance vermin destructive to native or domestic plants and animals.
Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994.
It is an act of Congress dealing with crime and law enforcement that became law in 1994.
Of the sections of the bill, it included the Federal Assault Weapons Ban.
The speed at which a projectile travels. Velocity is usually measured in feet per second or metres per second.
17 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The spotter is a helper who gives the shooter guidance on how to hit a particular target.
In some cases the spotter may just report the location of the bullet impact. In other cases they may judge the speed and direction of
the wind, determine the range, and give the shooter the settings to be used on the sights.
A mounting point on a small arm that allows a bayonet or other accessory to be attached.
Any safety, internal or external, which functions apart from the shooter's conscious control. Grip safeties are one example of a passive external safety.
A name for any palm sized handgun which fires a small caliber.
Co-Witness Sighting is the use of any iron sight mounted onto a rifle that is fitted with an optical sight as a primary sighting system.
They come in two basic configurations, fixed or flip-up. The idea is that if you align your red dot and your iron
sights you have a backup aiming system on the gun.
In the rifling of a bore, the uncut portions of the barrel's inner surface left after the rifling grooves have been cut into the metal. In other words, the raised portion of rifling.
An artillery piece used to fire shells over short ranges at very high trajectories.
A bore snake is a tool used to clean the inside (bore) of the barrel of a gun. It resembles a short section of rope with a smaller,
weighted cord attached to one end to help feed the bore snake through the barrel. A bore snake often has one or more integrated brushes to help clean the barrel,
and may also be used to apply lubricant. It is an alternative to using a cleaning rod and patches to clean the barrel of a gun.
Bore snakes are made in different sizes for different calibers and gauges of guns.
More commonly known as WCF, it is a family of centerfire cartridges designed by Winchester Repeating Arms Company
Typically used in the .22 caliber cartridge designation .22 Long Rifle, which is abbreviated .22LR.
In a shotgun barrel, A tapered area a few inches from the breech end, providing a transition between the chamber
(approximately the diameter of the outside of a shotgun shell) to the bore proper (approximately the diameter of the inside of a shotgun shell).
The forcing cone provides the transition between the exterior and the interior diameters of the cartridge.
Older shotguns usually have more abrupt forcing cones suitable for then-current thick-walled paper shells with fibre wads.
Newer shotguns usually have more gradual, longer forcing cones suitable for thinner modern plastic shells with obturating plastic shot-cup wads.
In shotgunning, multiple pellets contained in the shell and sent downrange when the shotgun is fired.
Abbreviation for Caliber.
A pair of slender and easily-carried wooden dowels or sticks, which when held, crossed, in the fingers of the left hand while also supporting the forend of a rifle,
usually shooting offhand, provides somewhat enhanced stability for a more accurate shot.
A matrix of dots, posts or lines, visible inside a rifle's telescopic sight, normally adjustable via exterior knobs for windage and elevation.
After careful adjustment at a known range, the shooter aims the rifle by superimposing this matrix onto the target. With good estimation or range,
cooperation from the wind, a clear eye and a steady hand, he may have a reasonable expectation of hitting his target.
The beginning of the bore of a rifled firearm. The transition between the chamber and the rifling. The area most vulnerable to erosion from high velocity cartridges.