Letter K Firearms Glossary
Usually referred to as a Kentucky Long Rifle or simply Longrifle, the Kentucky Rifle is a flintlock rifle with a long barrel and short, crooked stock. It is widely believed to be a largely unique development of American rifles that was uncommon in European rifles of the same period.
The Kentucky Long Rifleis an early example of a firearm using rifling, (spiral grooves in the bore). This gave the projectile, commonly a round lead ball, a spiraling motion, increasing the stability of the trajectory.
Rifled firearms saw their first major combat usage in the American colonies during the Seven Years war, and later the American Revolution in the eighteenth century.
A horizontal wedge, press-fit through the forend of a vintage gun, through a lump
attached to the underside of the barrel and out the other side of the forend.
To secure the forend in position. Also called a crosspin or a wedge fastener.
The tendency of a bullet to tip in flight and hit a target sideways, leaving a distinctly oblong hole.
This destabilization of the spinning bullet in flight is typically caused by a bullet weight inappropriate
for the rate of twist of the rifled barrel, an out-of-balance bullet or its having nicked an impediment such as a blade of grass, in flight.
The curved, forward end of the bar of a break-open firearm's action, about which the mounted
forend iron revolves downward. This area should be kept lightly greased to avoid galling the bearing surfaces.
A metal surface which contains a pattern of ridges or beads.
German for "short." Seen as part of a cartridge designation. On some German manufactured guns that use .380 ACP, the designated caliber is 9mm Kurtz (9mm Short), which is also the same as the Italian 9mm Corto
13 Other Firearms Definitions You Need To Know
The lock that preceded the 'true' flintlock in both rifles and pistols in the 17th century.
Commonly used throughout Europe in the 1600s, it gained popular favor in the British and Dutch military.
A doglock carbine was the principal weapon of the harquebusier, the most numerous type of cavalry in the armies of Thirty Years War and the English Civil War era.
A type of reflector (reflex) sight for firearms that gives the uses a red light-emitting diode as a reticle to create an aimpoint.
The area of a gun range where firearms are pointed when they are fired. The area of the range forward of the firing line.
A felt, paper, cardboard or plastic disk that is used in a shotshell. Also in muzzle loading, a piece of cloth used to seal the bullet in the barrel. It's purpose and function is the same as a shotgun wad.
Although a misused term (even within the firearms industry), Long Colt is a designation for an ammunition cartrige developed by Colt mainly used for revolvers. The actual designation is Colt instead of Long Colt.
The term Long Colt was originally coined to avoid confusion between the .45 Colt and .45 ACP cartridges
Also called black powder, gunpowder is a mixture of sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate. It burns rapidly,
producing a volume of hot gas made up of carbon dioxide, water, and nitrogen, and a solid residue of potassium sulfide.
Because of its burning properties and the amount of heat and gas volume that it generates, gunpowder has been widely used as a propellant
in firearms and as a pyrotechnic composition in fireworks. The term gunpowder also refers broadly to any propellant powder.
Modern firearms do not use the traditional gunpowder (black powder) described here, but instead use smokeless powder.
"V" shaped rear leaf sights mounted to a rifle barrel on a block or on a quarter-rib, sometimes solid standing, sometimes folding,
and often mounted in a row of similar leaves, each of a slightly different height, marked with the range for which each is regulated
The premier bolt action, whose design by Paul Mauser coalesced in 1898,
and from which were derived the Springfield 1903, the Winchester Model 70 and many others.
A internal locking device built into a firearm, usually operated with a key, to render it unable to be fired. A good example of a internal trigger lock are the ones found on the
semi-automatic pistols manufactured by Bersa.
A rifle stock, with a sculptured throughole at the wrist for the thumb, said to be more ergonometric to hold than a traditional stock.
Apart from being slower to mount, totally useless for a counter-dexterous person, it is so unmitigatedly graceless as to be beneath consideration.
Informal shooting at any of a variety of inanimate targets.
Also known as collimating sight or occluded eye gunsight, a Collimator Sight is
a type of optical "blind" sight that allows the user looking into it to see an illuminated aiming point aligned
with the device the sight is attached to regardless of eye position (parallax free).
The user can not see through the sight so it is used with both eyes open while one looks into the sight,
with one eye open and moving the head to alternately see the sight and then at the target, or using one
eye to partially see the sight and target at the same time.
The size of the pellets in a shotgun shell.
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